Alexander Alekhine

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Alekhine, Alexander

(əlyĕkh`ēn), 1892–1946, Russian-French chess player, b. Moscow. He became a naturalized French citizen after the Russian Revolution. At the age of 16 he gained the rank of master and in 1927, by a surprising defeat of CapablancaCapablanca, José Raúl
, 1888–1942, Cuban chess player, b. Havana. Champion of Cuba at the age of 12, he won the world's championship from Emanuel Lasker in 1921, retaining the title until he was defeated by Alexander Alekhine in 1927.
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 at Buenos Aires, became world champion. In 1930 at San Remo, Italy, he did not lose a single game in a tournament that included all of the major European players. In 1935 he lost the championship to Max Euwe but regained it in 1937 and kept it until his death. His clear and realistic style and the brilliance of his middle-game and end-game combinations are found in his book, My Best Games of Chess, 1924–1937 (1939).

Bibliography

See study by R. G. Eales and A. H. Williams (1973).

Alekhine, Alexander

 

Born Oct. 20 (Nov. 1), 1892, in Moscow; died March 24, 1946, near Lisbon; buried in Paris. Russian chess player, world champion from 1927 (after defeating J. R. Capablanca) to 1935 and from 1937 (after defeating M. Euwe, who took the championship from him temporarily) to 1946. Emigrated to France in 1921.

Alekhine was a representative of the Russian chess school of A. D. Petrov and M. I. Chigorin. He was a brilliant master of combination play and was the world’s champion in blindfold chess. His chess moves are thoroughly studied not only by Soviet chess players but by chess players all over the world.

WORKS

Moi luchshie partii. Translated, edited, and with a foreword by N. I. Grekov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1927.
Mezhdunarodnyi shakhmatnyi turnir ν N’iu-Iorke, 1927. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930. A collection of all championship games. (Translated from German.)
Na putiakh k vysshim shakhmatnym dostizheniiam (1924–27). Moscow, 1932. (Translation.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
By his early 20s, Alekhine was considered one of the world's most formidable players, having risen to the top of the game in his native Russia by the age of 16.
In his memoir, Botvinnik claims that Chess Section administrators Nikolai Zubarev and Boris Vainshtein refused to consider a match with Alekhine for political reasons; a match with the emigre was too dangerous.
It is quite a maverick opening befitting of its creator Alekhine who died in mysterious circumstances not long after the finish of the Second World War.
The opening 1m2f handicap went the way of Alekhine for Eddie Ahern and Jim Boyle, who said: "It's been a long time coming because he's been threatening to win for a while now.
Kentucky King looks vulnerable off his mark, but Alekhine is worth considering now that he has qualified for handicaps.
ALEXANDER ALEKHINE (world chess champion 1927-35 and 1937-46.
This line has deterred many players from trying the Alekhine.
Along with Steinitz, Capablanca, Alekhine, and La Bourdonnais may also have had mental problems.
Estaba de regreso con el permiso de la muerte: le gano a Alexander Alekhine, a Paul Keres y a otros grandes campeones el titulo de la Olimpiada.
Age at which Each Official World Champion First Won the Title Year Champion Age 1866 Steinitz 30 1894 Lasker 26 1921 Capablanca 33 1927 Alekhine 35 1935 Euwe 34 1948 Botvinnik 37 1957 Smyslov 36 1960 Tal 23 1963 Petrosian 34 1969 Spassky 32 1972 Fischer 29 1975 Karpov 24 1985 Kasparov 22 Grandmaster Title Age Records from Year that FIDE First Used Formal Criteria Year Player Age 1957 Tal 20 years 1958 Fischer 15 years, 6 months 1991 Polgar 15 years, 5 months 1994 Leko 14 years, 5 months 1997 (March) Bacrot 14 years, 1 month 1997 (October) Ponomariov 14 years, 17 days
Capablanca in the early 1920s; of Alexander Alekhine from the late 1920s to the early 1930s (particularly at the San Remo and Bled tournaments); and, many believe, of current champion Gary Kasparov.
Vegetating in the filthy disorder of a garret, he spends days on end replaying the chess matches of such champions as Capablanca, Alekhine, and Fischer.