Aleksandr Briullov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Briullov, Aleksandr Pavlovich

 

Born Nov. 29 (Dec. 10), 1798, in St. Petersburg; died there Jan. 9 (21), 1877. Russian architect, graphic artist, and watercolor painter. Representative of late classicism. Brother of K. P. Briullov.

Briullov studied first with his father, who was a master of decorative carving, and then in the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1810-21) with A. A. Mikhailov II. Briullov studied architecture in Italy from 1822 to 1826 and in France until 1830. He taught in the Academy of Arts from 1831 to 1871; in 1831 he became an academician and professor. He designed the Mikhailov Theater (1831-33) and the guards corps headquarters building (1837-43) in St. Petersburg and the Pulkovo Observatory near St. Petersburg (1834-39), using the traditional forms of Russian classicism. In a number of works Briullov moved away from classicism toward Gothic and other styles (the church in Pargolovo, 1831; the Lutheran church on Nevskii Prospekt in St. Petersburg, 1833-38). He painted a number of watercolors that were refined but somewhat dry in their execution—portraits of E. P. Bakunina (1830-32, Tret’iakov Gallery) and A. A. Perovskii (1834, A. S. Pushkin All-Union Museum in the city of Pushkin).

REFERENCE

Ol’, G. A. Arkhitektor Briullov. Leningrad-Moscow, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.