Dogel’, Aleksandr Stanislavovich
Born Jan. 15 (27), 1852, in Panevezys, present-day Lithuanian SSR; died Nov. 19, 1922, in Petrograd. Russian histologist.
Dogel’ graduated from the University of Kazan (1879) and in 1883 successfully defended his doctoral dissertation, “The Structure of the Retina in Ganoids.” In 1888 he became a professor at the University of Tomsk and in 1895, at the University of St. Petersburg (Leningrad). His basic work was concerned with the histology of the nervous system and the sensory organs. He was the first to discover and describe the terminal nerve apparatus in almost all tissues and organs of animals. He laid the foundation for the study of the synapses of the autonomic nervous system. The method developed by Dogel’ of the in vivo staining of neural elements with methylene blue is widely used. In 1915 he founded the journal Russkii arkhiv anatomii, gistologii i embriologii (Russian Archives of Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology, from 1932, Arkhiv anatomii, gistologii i embriologii).
WORKSStroenie oboniatel’nogo organa u ganoid, kostistykh ryb i amfibii. Kazan, 1886.
Kontsevye nervnye apparaty v kozhe cheloveka. St. Petersburg, 1903.
Krov’, kak osnova zhizni cheloveka i zhivotnykh. Petrograd, 1922.
Stroenie i zhizn’ kletki. Moscow-Petrograd, 1922.
Der Bau der Spinalganglien des Menschen und der Säugetiere. Jena, 1908.