Aleksandr Ivanovich Morozov
Morozov, Aleksandr Ivanovich
Born May 17 (29), 1835, in St. Petersburg; died there Nov. 28 (Dec. 11), 1904. Russian painter.
Beginning in 1852, Morozov studied under A. T. Markov at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. A participant in the “revolt of the fourteen,” he left the Academy of Arts in 1863 to become one of the founding members of the Artists’ Artel. Morozov later showed his works in a number of exhibitions of the peredvfzhntki (the “wanderers”—a progressive art movement). He became an academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1864.
Morozov painted poetic scenes from the daily life of Russian villagers (for example, Hayers at Rest 1861; Leaving the Church in Pskov, 1864; At a Rural Free School; 1865; all in the Tret’iakov Gallery). His landscape paintings developed the traditions of the Venetsianov school. Morozov was one of the first Russian painters to portray industrial life (The Omutninsk Plant, 1885, Tret’-iakov Gallery).