Aleksandr Kaufman

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kaufman, Aleksandr Arkad’evich


Born Mar. 12, 1864, in Berlin; died 1919. Russian economist and statistician. An organizer and leader of the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets).

Kaufman graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1885. From 1887 to 1906 he served in the Ministry of Agriculture and State Properties. He assembled extensive material on the economy of peasant farms in Siberia. Although V. I. Lenin utilized certain statistical works by Kaufman, he nevertheless sharply criticized his exhortations for class peace between peasants and landlords (Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 16, pp. 224, 226, 227). After the October Socialist Revolution, Kaufman worked in central statistical institutions.


Krest’ianskaia obshchina v Sibiri. St. Petersburg, 1897.
Pereselenie i kolonizatsiia. St. Petersburg, 1905.
Formy khoziaistva v ikh istoricheskom razvitii. Moscow, 1910.
Statistika: Ee priemy i ee znachenie dlia obshchestvennykh nauk. [Moscow, 1911.]
Agrarnyi vopros v Rossii. Moscow, 1918.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aleksandr Kaufman, one of the most prolific and knowledgeable students of peasant migration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, perhaps summed up the rumor issue best when he wrote: "it would be as much a mistake to deny the great importance of these rumors [i.e.