Aleksandr Kruber

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kruber, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich


Born July 10 (22), 1871, in Voskresensk, present-day Istra, in Moscow Oblast; died Dec. 15, 1941, in Moscow. Soviet physical geographer.

After graduating from the University of Moscow in 1896, Kruber was appointed a professor there, becoming head of the subdepartment of geography in 1919. He was director of the Scientific Research Institute of Geography at Moscow State University from 1923 to 1927, when a serious illness forced him to retire. A leading Russian investigator of karst, he studied the karst regions of the East European Plain, the Crimea, and the Caucasus beginning in 1897. He helped write textbooks and readers in geography. A mountain range on the island of Iturup (Kuril Islands) and karst precipices in the Crimean mountains and the Greater Caucasus have been named after Kruber.


Gidrografiia karsta. Moscow, 1913.
Karstovaia oblast’gornogo Kryma. Moscow, 1915.
Obshchee zemlevedenie, 5th ed., parts 1–3. Moscow, 1938.


Otechestvennye fiziko-geografy i puteshestvenniki. Moscow, 1959. Pages 619–25. (With bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.