Aleksandr Maksimov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich


Born Feb. 4 (16), 1874, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 4, 1928, in Chicago. Russian histologist.

Maksimov graduated from the Military Medical Academy in St. Petersburg in 1896. He was a professor there from 1903 to 1922. Beginning in 1922 he lived and worked in Chicago. In a monograph on artificially induced aseptic inflammation (1902), Maksimov described the cellular forms of connective tissue, showed their role in inflammation, and indicated the sources and role of free macrophages, which he called polyblasts. In a number of other works he described hematopoiesis in amphibians and the development of blood elements in mammalian and shark embryos. Maksimov developed a theory of blood histogenesis, studied the structure of the placenta, and improved a method of tissue culture.


Osnovy gistologii. 3rd ed., parts 1-2. Leningrad, 1925.


Khlopin, N. G. “Professor A. A. Maksimov.” Russkii arkhiv anatomii, gistologii i embriologii, 1929, vol. 8, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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