Markov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Born Nov. 18(30), 1892, in Moscow; died there Aug. 21, 1971. Soviet protozoologist; Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1946); professor (1945).
Markov graduated from the natural sciences division of the department of physics and mathematics at Moscow State University in 1918. From 1922 he was assistant, and from 1932 to 1965 chief, of the protozoology laboratory of the All-Union Institute of Experimental Veterinary Medicine. He created an original school in the study of protozoal diseases of animals (complex study of the interrelationships between causative agents and carriers and detailed description of the clinical manifestations of the disease in various natural zones of the USSR). The maps of the distribution of blood parasites and their carriers, compiled and published under Markov’s guidance, served as the basis for carrying out systematic measures for the control of these diseases. Markov was awarded an Order of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals.