Aleksandr Matveevich Shteingart

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shteingart, Aleksandr Matveevich


Born Apr. 23, 1887, in Odessa; died Feb. 19, 1934, in Moscow. Soviet party figure. Member of the Communist Party from 1913.

The son of a worker, Shteingart became a printshop worker in 1901. In the army during World War I, he carried out revolutionary work among soldiers on the Rumanian front. During the October Revolution of 1917, he served as chairman of the revolutionary committee of his corps and chairman of the corps committee of the RSDLP(B). Shteingart fought in the Civil War of 1918–20, and from 1921 to 1925 he was head of the organizational department of the Political Directorate of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army.

From 1930 to 1932, Shteingart was a member of the collegium of the People’s Commissariat of Agriculture of the RSFSR. In 1933 he became deputy director of the Political Administration of Machine Tractor Stations (MTS) of the People’s Commissariat of Agriculture of the USSR; while holding that post, he served as head of the political sector of MTS and head of the Northern Caucasus Krai Agricultural Administration. In 1934 he became secretary of the Saratov Krai Committee of the ACP(B). In the same year he served as a delegate to the Seventeenth Party Congress, at which he was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the ACP(B).

Shteingart, who was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, is buried on Red Square by the Kremlin wall.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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