Aleksandr Nikolaevich Afanasev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Afanas’ev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich

 

Born July 11 (23), 1826, in Boguchar, Voronezh Province; died Sept. 23 (Oct. 5), 1871. Russian historian and scholar in the field of literature and folklore.

Afanas’ev graduated from the law department of Moscow University. He wrote Russian Satirical Journals in the Years 1769–1774 (1859) and articles on N. I. Novikov, D. I. Fonvi-zin, and A. D. Kantemir. His work The Slavs’ Poetic View of Nature (vols. 1–3,1866–69) was based on the principles of the mythological school. One of Afanas’ev’s greatest contributions was the compilation of the collection Russian Popular Fairy Tales (issues 1–8, 1855–64), which includes about 600 texts. The collection Russian Popular Legends (1859) was banned by the censor until 1914. Afanas’ev’s collection Beloved Fairy Tales, published anonymously in Geneva in the 1860’s, includes fairy tales satirizing landowners and the clergy.

WORKS

Narodnye russkie skazki, vols. 1–3. Preparation of text, foreword, and annotations by V. Ia. Propp. Moscow, 1957.

REFERENCES

Pypin, A. N. Istoriia russkoi etnografii, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1891. Pages 350–74.
Dobroliubov, N. A. “Narodnye russkie skazki” (review). Sobr. soch. ν 9 tt., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962.
Azadovskii, M. K. Istoriia russkoi fol’kloristiki. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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