Aleksandr Nikolaevich Maksimov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maksimov, Aleksandr Nikolaevich


Born Aug. 1 (13), 1872, in Orel; died Apr. 24, 1941, in Moscow. Soviet ethnographer.

In 1894, Maksimov was arrested for participating in a revolutionary movement and was deported to Arkhangel’sk Province, where he became interested in ethnography. From 1919 to 1930 he was a professor at Moscow University and from 1919 to 1935 he worked as a bibliographer at the V. I. Lenin State Library. Maksimov’s principal works were on the history of the family, the clan, and the economy. He disapproved of broad generalizations in ethnographic questions and rejected evolutionist theories about clan systems and group marriage.


Tokarev, S. A. “A. N. Maksimov.” [Obituary] in Sovetskaia etnografiia, vols. 6-7, 1947. (A list of Maksimov’s works is appended.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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