Aleksandr Romanovich Luriia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Luriia, Aleksandr Romanovich


Born July 3 (16), 1902, in Kazan. Soviet psychologist. Active member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR (1947) and the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR (1968). Professor at Moscow State University (since 1945) and head of the neuropsycholog subdepartment of the department of psychology of Moscow State University (since 1967).

Luriia graduated from the department of social sciences of the University of Kazan in 1921 and from the First Moscow Medical Institute in 1937. From 1924 to 1934 he worked with L. S. Vygotskii on questions concerning mental development, focusing on the elaboration of psychophysiological methods of studying affective processes. Subsequently, he did research on impairments of higher mental functions with local brain injuries. He was one of the founders of neuropsychology.

Luriia was vice-president of the International Union of Scientific Psychology from 1969 to 1972. He became a foreign member of the US National Academy of Sciences in 1968. Luriia’s works have been translated into many foreign languages. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Badge of Honor, and various medals.


Rech’ i intellekt v razvitii rebenka (collection of articles). Moscow, 1927.
Travmaticheskaia afaziia. Moscow, 1947.
Vosstanovlenie funktsii mozga posle voennoi travmy. Moscow, 1968.
Problemy vysshei nervnoi deiatel’nosti normal’nogo i anomal’nogo rebenka, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1956-58.
Mozg cheloveka i psikhicheskie protsessy, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1963-70.
Lobnye doli i reguliatsiia psikhicheskikh protsessov. Moscow, 1966. (With E. D. Khomskaia.)
Neiropsikhologicheskii analiz resheniia zadach. Moscow, 1966. (With L. S. Tsvetkova.)
Vysshie korkovye funktsii cheloveka i ikh narusheniia pri lokal’nykh porazheniiakh porazheniiakh mozga, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1969.
Osnovy neiropsikhologii. Moscow, 1973.
The Nature of Human Conflicts. New York, 1932.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.