Aleksandr Shlyk

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shlyk, Aleksandr Arkad’evich


Born Nov. 1, 1928, in Minsk. Soviet plant physiologist and biochemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966). Member of the CPSU since 1948.

Upon graduation from the Byelorussian University in 1950, Shlyk worked in the Institute of Biology of the Byelorussian Academy of Sciences. In 1957 he became head of the academy’s Laboratory of Biophysics and Isotopes. Since 1973 Shlyk has been director of the Institute of Photobiology, which evolved from the Laboratory of Biophysics and Isotopes.

Shlyk’s research has been directed at the development of the photosynthetic apparatus. He and his colleagues demonstrated the existence of a chlorophyll renewal process and elucidated its main mechanisms. Shlyk showed that chlorophyll b is synthesized from labile chlorophyll-a molecules and studied the metabolism of the precursors of chlorophyll-a molecules in green plants. Shlyk has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and a medal.


Metod mechenykh atomov v izuchenii biosinteza khlorofilla. Minsk, 1956.
Metabolizm khlorofilla v zelenom rastenii. Minsk, 1956.
“Biosintez khlorofilla i formirovanie fotosinteticheskikh sistem.” In the collection Teoreticheskie osnovy fotosinteticheskoi produktivnosti. Moscow, 1972.
“Razvitie issledovanii metabolicheskoi geterogennosti fotosinteticheskikh membran.” In the collection Biosintez i sostoianie khlorofillov v rastenii. Minsk, 1975.
“Tsentry biosinteza khlorofilla i regulirovanie protsessa formirovaniia pigmentnogo apparata fotosinteza.” [With coauthors.] Izv. AN SSSR: Ser. biologicheskaia, 1976, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.