Aleksandr Sibiriakov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sibiriakov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich


Born Sept 26 (Oct. 8), 1849, in Irkutsk; died 1893. Russian gold-mine owner and explorer of Siberia.

Sibiriakov graduated from the polytechnic in Zürich. He financed the polar expeditions of N. A. E. Nordenskjöld (1878–79) and A. V. Grigor’ev (1879–80) and the publication of works on the history of Siberia. In 1880, Sibiriakov made an attempt to cross the Kara Sea by schooner to the mouth of the Enisei. In 1884 he reached the mouth of the Pechora on the steamer Nordenskjöld; he then took a steamboat up the river, crossed the Urals by reindeer and proceeded along the Tobol River to Tobol’sk. This route is known as Sibiriakov’s Route to the North. Sibiriakov made an important contribution to the economic development of Siberia. An island in the Kara Sea and an icebreaker are named after him.


Ocherk iz Zabaikal’skoi zhizni, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1878.
“Plavanie parokhoda Oskar Dikson k ust’iam Eniseia ν 1880 g.” Izv. Russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva, 1881, vol. 17, issue 1.
K voprosu o vneshnikh rynkakh Sibiri. Tobol’sk, 1894.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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