Tyshler, Aleksandr Grigor’evich
Born July 14 (26), 1898, in Melitopol’. Soviet stage designer, painter, and graphic artist. Honored Art Worker of the Uzbek SSR (1943).
Tyshler studied at the Kiev Art School from 1912 to 1917 and became a member of the Society of Painters in 1925. Many of his works are noted for their whimsical fantasy, metaphorical imagery, and decorative beauty. As a stage designer, Tyshler often makes use of easily interchangeable sets based on the popular street theater. Some of his other works, primarily his easel paintings, are characterized by traits of mystical symbolism and an ex-pressionistic, highly subjective perception of reality. Tyshler’s theatrical designs have included Shakespeare’s King Lear (1935), Z. Schneer’s Freilechs (1945; State Prize of the USSR, 1946), both of which were staged in the Moscow Jewish Theater, and the series The Makhno Movement (1922–65) and Fascism (1966–68).
Tyshler has been awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.