Voskresenskii, Aleksandr Abramovich
Born Nov. 25 (Dec. 7), 1809, in Torzhok, now in Kalinin Oblast; died Jan. 21 (Feb. 2), 1880, in the village of Mozhaitsevo, now in Kalinin Oblast. Russian organic chemist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1864).
Voskresenskii graduated from the Main Pedagogical Institute in St. Petersburg in 1836. From 1837 to 1838 he worked with lu. Libikh. In 1838 he became a junior scientific assistant and in 1843 a professor. From 1863 to 1867 he served as rector of the University of St. Petersburg. He also lectured on chemistry in five other higher educational institutions in St. Petersburg. In 1867 he became administrator of the Kharkov school district. An opponent of the reactionary system of classical education, he soon retired.
In 1838, Voskresenskii established the exact composition of quinic acid and described quinoil, a substance he had discovered, later termed quinone, and determined its empirical formula. In 1841 he discovered theobromine in cacao beans. Voskresenskii strongly advocated the use of mineral fertilizers in Russia, emphasizing that they could easily be produced from domestic raw materials. Among his students were the prominent Russian chemists N. N. Beketov, N. N. Sokolov, N. A. Menshutkin, A. R. Shuliachenko, and P. P. Alekseev. “Voskresenskii and Zinin, his contemporary, share the honor of being the founders of an independent Russian trend in chemistry” (D. I. Mendeleev, Soch., vol. 15, 1949, pp. 623-24).
REFERENCESMendeleev, D. I. “A. A. Voskresenskii.” Soch., vol. 15, Leningrad-Moscow, 1949. [Obituary.]
Figurovskii, N. A., and K. Ts. Elagina. “Aleksandr Abramovich Voskresenskii (1809-1880).” Trudy In-ta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki AN SSSR, 1958, vol. 18, pp. 213-55. (Contains a bibliography of Voskresenskii’s works.)