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1844–1925, queen consort of Edward VIIEdward VII
(Albert Edward), 1841–1910, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1901–10). The eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, he was created prince of Wales almost immediately after his birth.
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 of Great Britain, whom she married in 1863. She was the daughter of Christian IXChristian IX,
1818–1906, king of Denmark (1863–1906). A member of the cadet line of Sonderburg-Glücksburg, he succeeded Frederick VII, last of the direct line of Oldenburg.
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 of Denmark.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Aleksandra Fedorovna) Born May 25 (June 6), 1872; died July 16, 1918. Russian empress; married Nicholas II on Nov. 14, 1894. Daughter of the Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse-Darmstadt, her name before marriage was Alix Victoria Helene Louise Beatrice.

Imperious and hysterical, Alexandra exerted great influence on Nicholas II. She was an ardent proponent of unlimited autocracy and the head of the Germanophile group at court. She was extremely superstitious and had boundless faith in the adventurist G. E. Rasputin, who exploited her favor when important political questions were being resolved. During World War I, Alexandra was an advocate of a separate peace with Germany. In March 1917, after the February Revolution, she was arrested and sent to Tobolsk and then to Ekaterinburg, where she was shot along with the rest of the royal family in July 1918 on orders of the Ural’sk Oblast soviet.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 1844--1925, queen consort of Edward VII of Great Britain and Ireland
2. 1872--1918, the wife of Nicholas II of Russia; her misrule while Nicholas was supreme commander of the Russian forces during World War I precipitated the Russian Revolution
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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