Aleksandrov (əlyĭksänˈdrəf), city (1989 pop. 68,000), E European Russia. The city came under the control of the Muscovite princes in 1302. Ivan IV resided (1564–81) in Aleksandrov, where he organized his political police, the Oprichnina. The city is also the site of the first printing establishment in Russia, founded during the reign of Ivan IV, and of the famous Uspenski convent (late 17th cent.).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



city, center of Aleksandrov Raion on the Seraia River in western Vladimir Oblast of the RSFSR. It has a railroad station on the Moscow-Yaroslavl line, 113 km from Moscow. Railroad lines go from Aleksandrov to Kineshma. Its population in 1967 was 46,000. Its industries include radio and television, artificial leather, textiles, knitted goods, and food-processing enterprises.

The city was first mentioned as Aleksandrov settlement (sloboda) in a document by Ivan Kalita in the 14th century. From 1564 to 1572 it served as the residence for Ivan the Terrible. One of the first Russian presses existed in Aleksandrov; in 1578 it published the Psalter. In 1778, Aleksandrov became a district city. On Dec. 7, 1905, striking workers from a number of Aleksandrov textile factories began an armed uprising (the so-called Aleksandrov Republic), which was cruelly suppressed.

Architectural monuments of Aleksandrov include the Troitskii cathedral, which is in the spirit of early Muscovite architecture (1513; 16th-century frescoes) and which includes two unique 14th-century brass doors brought from Novgorod and Tver by Ivan the Terrible; the marqueed Pokrov church (mid-16th century; 16th-century frescoes) with a 17th-century refectory; the Raspiatskaia church and bell tower (1560’s); and the 5–cupola Uspenskaia church (first quarter of the 16th century). In the 17th century the Uspenskii monastery was built in the village, and fortress walls with towers and cells were constructed (1670–80’s). There is a museum of local lore in Aleksandrov.


Il’in, M. A. Podmoskov’e. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aleksandrina "Alex" Aleksandrov of Roselle is in Harper's nursing program.
Bulgarian Aleksandar Aleksandrov celebrated the role of cosmonauts from Soviet satellite states in that cooperation and hoped similar joint ventures - including perhaps with big space investors China and India - could herald new discoveries in the future.
Ivan Todorov, Kalina Durova, and Aleksandar Aleksandrov
Russia's players are 6-4 Ilya Aleksandrov, 36, 6-5 Maksim Dyborskii, 30, 6-7 Dmitry Korshakov, 27 and 6-5 Viktor Pavlenko, 25.
Following the spirit of introduction of Aleksandrov [51], Fenchel and Jessen's mixed quermassintegrals (see [52]), and introduction of Lutwak's [L.sub.p]-mixed quermassintegrals (see [49]), we are based on the study of Orlicz first-order variational of mixed volumes.
Ukraine's media on Tuesday said Captain Yevgeny Yerofeyev and Sargeant Aleksander Aleksandrov were both contract soldiers who had joined the army's main intelligence branch.
While in the region the party - which included Bauman's rector Professor Anatoly Aleksandrov - spent time at the OpTIC centre in St Asaph, where a team of scientists are polishing prototype mirrors for the world's largest telescope, the ESO E-ELT, which is being built by the European Southern Observatory.
War veterans Peter Aleksandrov, Vyacheslav Lialin, Grigoriy Kupriyaschenko from St.
KazTransGas also said the transit of gas for export in the direction of the 'Aleksandrov Gai' compressor station was not reduced, and it is now being carried out via the main gas pipeline 'Soyuz'.
Gopalo Aleksandrov, of Moor End Road, also admitted charges of driving without a full UK driving licence or insurance and not having a valid test certificate.
Keeper Milan Borjan, making his debut after being signed as a free agent to solve the club's goalkeeping crisis, made a hash of Alexsander Aleksandrov's backpass.
Borjan, Moti, Paula Junior, Aleksandrov, Minev, Misidjan (Abalo Paulos 72), Andrianantenaina, Aleksandrov, Dyakov (Gomes Fonseca 85), Bezjak (Younes 86), Nascimento da Costa

Full browser ?