The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Aleksii). Born between 1293 and 1298; died 1378. Russian metropolitan from 1354. Son of F. Biakont, a Chernigov boyar who transferred to the service of the Muscovite prince at the end of the 13th century.

During the reign of Ivan Ivanovich Krasnyi and the minority of prince Dmitrii Ivanovich Donskoi, Aleksei was in effect head of the government. He supported Dmitrii in his struggle against the Tver’ and Suzdal’-Nizhny Novgorod princes; he opposed the claims of the Lithuanian princes who were attempting to establish a separate metropolitanate in Kiev. Aleksei favored an agreement with the Golden Horde to prevent new invasions of Rus’.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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