Aleksei Ivanovich Musin-Pushkin

Musin-Pushkin, Aleksei Ivanovich

 

Born Mar. 16(27), 1744; died Feb. 1(13), 1817, in St. Petersburg. Count and Russian statesman; collector, authority on old texts, and historian. Member of the Russian Academy (1789).

Musin-Pushkin began collecting documents and objects relating to Russian history in 1775. He discovered the Laurentian Chronicle, a copy of the Russkaia Pravda (law code), and the Testament of Vladimir Monomakh. He published The Book to the Great Map (1792), the Russkaia Pravda (1792), the Testament of the Grand Prince Vladimir Vsevolodovich Monomakh (1793), and The Tale of Igor’s Campaign, to which he gave the title Heroic Song of the Campaign Against the Polovtsy by the Appanage Prince of Novgorod-Seversk, Igor Sviatoslavich (1800). Musin-Pushkin’s manuscript collection was used by such historians as N. M. Karamzin and I. N. Boltin. Part of the collection was destroyed in the Moscow fire of 1812 during Napoleon’s invasion.

REFERENCE

Kalaidovich, K. F. “Biograficheskie svedeniia o zhizni, uchenykh trudakh i sobranii rossiiskikh drevnostei gr. A. I. Musina-Pushkina.” Zapiski i trudy Obshchestva istorii i drevnostei rossiiskikh,” part 2, Moscow, 1824.
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Zimin's association of some themes and stylistic features of the Slovo with Russian literary culture of the last decades of the 18th century seems convincing and faithful to the text, as does his reference to the foreign-policy concerns of the Catherinian period and the ukaz of 9 December 1791, which ordered that historical manuscripts be sent from monasteries throughout the land to the library of the Holy Synod, then under the curatorship of Count Aleksei Ivanovich Musin-Pushkin (1744-1817) (328-30).
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