Aleksei Losev

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Losev, Aleksei Fedorovich


Born Sept. 10 (22), 1893, in Novocherkassk. Soviet philosopher and philologist. Professor (1923) and doctor of philological sciences (1943).

Losev graduated from the faculty of history and philology at Moscow University in 1915. He gave courses in higher educational institutions in Moscow in classical literature, logic, aesthetics, and the history of philosophy. In 1944, Losev became a professor at the V. I. Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. In his works of the 1920’s, which were influenced by Plato, the Neoplatonists, G. Hegel, F. W. von Schelling, and E. Husserl, Losev strove to construct universal models of being and thought using the methods of idealist dialectics (Philosophy of the Name, 1927; The Ancient Cosmos and Modern Science, 1927; and The Dialectics of Myth, 1930). He also tried to construct universal models of artistic creation by the same methods (The Dialectics of Artistic Form, 1927; Music as an Object of Logic, 1927). During the same period he investigated the ancient perception of the world as a structural whole (Essays on Ancient Symbolism and Mythology; vol. 1, 1930). Losev subsequently adopted a Marxist position. His late works are characterized by a striving for broad generalizations on sociology and the philosophy of history, combined with a philologically scrupulous attitude toward every word and concept. He was a translator of Aristotle, Plotinus, Sextus Empiricus, Proclus, and Nicholas of Cusa. He edited the works of Plato (vols. 1-3, 1968-72).


“Olimpiiskaia mifologiia v ee sotsial’no istoricheskom razvitii.” Uch. zapiski MGPI im. V L Lenina, 1953, vol. 72, issue 3.
Antichnaia mifologiia v ee istoricheskom razvitii. Moscow, 1957.
Gomer. Moscow, 1960.
Antichnaia muzykal’naia estetika. Moscow, 1960.
Vvedenie v obshchuiu teoriiu iazykovykh modelei. Moscow, 1968.
Istoriia antichnoi estetiki: Ranniaia klassika. Moscow, 1963.
Istoriia antichnoi estetiki: Sofisty, Sokrat, Platon. Moscow, 1969.
Istoriia antichnoi estetiki: Vysokaia klassika. Moscow, 1974.


References in periodicals archive ?
312 pp.--In the 1920s, amidst the turmoil of Soviet intellectual life post-Lenin and pre-Stalin, Aleksei Losev (1893-1988) undertook an ambitious and radical metaphysical synthesis, drawing liberally on Neoplatonism, German Idealism, and phenomenological analysis.
By contrast, Aleksei Losev saw its instability resulting from its propagation as a dialectal process.
Wehrmeyer's five subjects include the philosopher Aleksei Losev (1893-1988), theorists Georgii Conus (1862-1933) and Boleslav Yavorsky (1877-1942), and two composer-pioneers of alternative compositional systems Ivan Vyshnegradsky (1893-1979) and Nikolaii Roslavets (1881-1944).
The central focus of the study falls on the work of Vladimir Solov'ev, Lev Shestov, Vasilii Rozanov, and Nikolai Berdiaev, with reflections on a prehistory in the works of Vissarion Belinskii and Nikolai Chernyshevskii and 'survival' in the works of Aleksei Losev, Andrei Platonov, and Boris Pasternak.