Aleksei Mikhailovich Shkolnikov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shkol’nikov, Aleksei Mikhailovich


Born Jan. 2 (15), 1914, in the city of Egor’evsk, Moscow Oblast. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

The son of a peasant, Shkol’nikov graduated from the Podol’sk Industrial Technicum in 1933. In 1937 he completed three correspondence courses at the Industrial Academy, and in 1952 he graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B). Beginning in 1933, Shkol’nikov engaged in engineering and technical work in Perm’, where he was a senior foreman, shop head, and chief power engineer of a plant. In 1943 he turned to party work. From 1945 to 1947, Shkol’nikov was a commissioner of the Party Control Commission of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) for Vladimir and Voronezh oblasts. From 1947 to 1949 he was second secretary of the Kaluga oblast party committee. He served as first secretary of the Tambov oblast committee of the CPSU from 1952 to 1955, first secretary of the Voronezh oblast committee from 1955 to 1960, and first secretary of the Volgograd oblast committee from 1960 to 1965; in addition, he served as first secretary of the Volgograd oblast rural committee of the CPSU in 1963 and 1964.

Shkol’nikov became first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1965, and in 1974 he became chairman of the Committee of People’s Control of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and a member in 1956. He served as a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Shkol’nikov has been awarded four Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.