Aleksei Rumiantsev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rumiantsev, Aleksei Matveevich


Born Feb. 3(16), 1905, in the village of Mintsovo, in Galich District, present-day Kostroma Oblast. Soviet economist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966; corresponding member, 1960). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Rumiantsev graduated from the Kharkov Institute of the National Economy in 1926. From 1930 to 1943 he was involved in scientific-pedagogical and Komsomol work, and from 1943 to 1949 in party work. In the years 1950–52 he was director of the institute of economics and chairman of the division of social sciences of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. From 1952 to 1955 he headed the science department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. His editorial work in the years 1955–65 included positions as editor in chief of the journal Kommunist, the journal Problemy mira i sotsializma, and the newspaper Pravda. From 1965 to 1967 he was academician-secretary of the division of economics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and from 1967 to 1971 vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1971 he became a member of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a member of the chief editorial board of the third edition of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, and editor in chief of the encyclopedia Political Economy. Rumiantsev’s principal works deal with the political economy of socialism and applied economics. Rumiantsev is the editor and coauthor of the textbook Political Economy (vols. 1–2, 1973–75).

Rumiantsev was elected to the Central Committee of the CPSU at the Nineteenth, Twentieth, and Twenty-second through Twenty-fourth Congresses of the CPSU. He was also a deputy to the fourth and fifth convocations of the USSR Supreme Soviet. He has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals. He is a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (1967).


Vozniknovenie chastnoi sobstvennosti na dvizhimoe imushchestvo. [Kharkov] 1947.
Zrostannia dobrobutu radians’koho narodu—zakon rozvytku sotsialistychnoho suspil’stva. Kiev, 1950.
O predmetepoliticheskoi ekonomii. Moscow, 1960.
O kategoriiakh i zakonakh politicheskoi ekonomii kommunisticheskoi formatsii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
Leninskii etap v razvitiipoliticheskoi ekonomii. Moscow, 1967.
Problemy sovremennoi nauki ob obshchestve. Moscow, 1969.
Istoki i evoliutsiia “idei Mao Tsze-duna.” Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.