Aleksis Kivi

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Aleksis Kivi
BirthplaceNurmijärvi, Finland
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kivi, Aleksis


(pseudonym; real surname, Stenvall). Born Oct. 10, 1834, in Nurmijärvi; died Dec. 31, 1872, in Tuusula. Finnish author.

The son of a village tailor, Kivi studied at the University of Helsinki. His first work, a romantic tragedy entitled Kullervo (1860; published in revised form in 1864), is about a rebel slave, one of the heroes of the national epic Kalevala. Kivi’s comedies The Nummi Shoemakers (1864; Russian translation, 1957, as Cobblers of the Heath) and The Betrothal (1866; Russian translation, 1960), and especially his novel Seven Brothers (1870; Russian translation, 1935), show features of realism. Seven Brothers depicts the Finnish countryside at the time of the coming of capitalism. Kivi also wrote romantic tragedies based on life in the middle and upper circles of Finnish society, such as The Fugitives (1867), Canzio (1868; staged in 1872), and the plays Lea (1869) and Leo and Liina (1877–78), which contain a measure of abstract religion and didacticism. Kivi is the author of a poetry collection entitled Kanervala (1866), which includes both lyrical romantic verse and verses of everyday life.


Kootut teokset, vols. 1–4. Helsinki, 1915–19.


[Tvorchestvo A. Kivi.] In the book Finliandskaia literatura i Rossiia, 1850–1900, by. E. G. Karkhu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 85–122.
Viljanen, L. Aleksis Kiven runomaailma. Porvoo, 1953.
Kinnunen, A. Aleksis Kiven näytelmät. Porvoo-Helsinki [1967]. (Bibliography, pp. 309–15.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At home in Finland, he has been a regular guest at the Finnish National Opera where he has sung a wide repertoire such as Pelleas in Debussy's Pelleas and Melisande, Figaro in Rossini's The Barber of Seville, Papageno in Mozart's The Magic Flute, Guglielmo in Mozart's CosE1/4 fan tutte, and the title role in Einojuhani Rautavaara's Aleksis Kivi. In summer 2014 he made his debut at the Savonlinna Opera Festival as Kimmo in Aulis SallinenA[sup.3]s Kullervo, and he was subsequently named Artist of the Year 2014 of the Savonlinna Opera Festival.
As the country in focus at the 2014 Frankfurt Book Fair, Finland went all out to showcase its literature, calling attention to authors, established and on the rise: Aleksis Kivi, Sofi Oksanen and children's author and illustrator Tove Jansson, who was marking her 100th birthday.
For various reasons he avoided setting the texts of contemporary Finnish poets such as Aleksis Kivi, Eino Leino and V.
It should also be remembered that the Swede Hedvig Charlotte Raa-Winterhjelm (1838-1907), who played in the first performance of Ghosts, had played Lea by Aleksis Kivi in Finland and spoke and wrote Finnish.
Notre choix s'est porte sur deux grands ecrivains : Aleksis Kivi, pere de la litterature finnoise a la fin du XIXe siecle en Finlande--dont on connait surtout en traduction le roman Les sept fr^eres (Seitseman veljesta, 1870), et Eugene Ionesco, chef de file du Theatre de l'Absurde, ecole artistique dominante dans la 2e moitie du XXe siecle en France.
Further north in Tampere, Finnish character is examned in two new plays: Under the Northern Star, by Vaino Linna and Seppo Parkkinen, and The Seven Brothers, adapted from Aleksis Kivi's novel by Kari Heiskanen.
His literary essays in Onni tieto tuska (1990) -- on poems by Aleksis Kivi and Aaro Hellaakoski, novels by Jukka Larsson and Sakari Issakainen, nouvelles by de Maupassant, and tales by Blixen
Indeed, the critical guillotine killed and buried the national author, Aleksis Kivi, in the nineteenth century, before Finnish independence.
As a dramatist she long ranked second only to the founder of Finnish drama, Aleksis Kivi, and as a personality she ranked among the most notable Finnish women.
The character of Kullervo, the "loser" in the Kalevala epic, has fascinated Finnish writers since the days of Aleksis Kivi, most recently drawing the attention of opera composer Aulis Sailinen.
But if the languages, dramaturgical approaches and audience experiences were all over the map, I hope to return again to the Tampere Theatre, where the proscenium is graced with laurel leaves surrounding the names of Racine, Calderon and Schiller as well as Oskari Vilho, Kaarlo Bergbom and Aleksis Kivi.