Alemanni


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Alemanni

(ălĭmăn`ī), Germanic tribe, a splinter group of the Suebi (see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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). The Alemanni may have been a confederation of smaller tribes. First mentioned (A.D. 213) as unsuccessfully assaulting the Romans between the Elbe and the Danube, they later settled (3d cent.) in upper Italy. By the 5th cent. they occupied territories on both sides of the Rhine south of its junction with the Main (present Alsace, Baden, and NE Switzerland). Their westward expansion brought them into conflict with the Franks, whose king Clovis IClovis I
, c.466–511, Frankish king (481–511), son of Childeric I and founder of the Merovingian monarchy. Originally little more than a tribal chieftain, he became sole leader of the Salian Franks by force of perseverance and by murdering a number of relatives.
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 defeated them in 496. In 505 he forced them to retire into Rhaetia, and in 536 they passed under Frankish rule. By the 7th cent. they had accepted Christianity. SwabiaSwabia
, Ger. Schwaben, historic region, mainly in S Baden-Württemberg and SW Bavaria, SW Germany. It is bounded in the east by Upper Bavaria, in the west by France, and in the south by Switzerland and Austria. It includes the former Prussian province of Hohenzollern.
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 is also known as Alamannia, and the High German dialects of SW Germany and Switzerland are called Alemannic. In French speech the name Allemands came to signify all Germans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Control and Risk Committee: Massimiliano Cesare (Chairman), Federica Seganti, Barbara Alemanni and Federica Santini.
Ufficio and Alemanni involved about one hundred claimants each, a far
About to engage in battle against the Alemanni, Martin pledged that he would fight armed only by the sign of the cross and, on the day of the battle, the enemies withdrew.
23 by Minister of Finance & Public Service Audley Shaw, and Head of Delegation of the European Commission, Ambassador Marco Mazzochi- Alemanni.
Some tribes, such as the Alemanni in central and northeastern Switzerland, and the Burgundians, who ruled western Switzerland, settled there.
Charlemagne, ruler of the Franks (771-814), brought together under one ruler many diverse people in Europe: the Franks, Lombards, Thuringians, and Alemanni among others.
(41) As a Land with a claim for a modest degree cultural distinctiveness (Vorarlbergers see themselves as Alpine Alemanni like their Swiss neighbors), it is notable that education and broadcasting are core parts of the Pro-Vorarlberg resolution.
The population is homogeneous, stemming almost entirely from a Germanic tribe, the Alemanni. The official language is German, but most speak Alemannic, a German dialect similar to that used in eastern Switzerland.
He called it Argenteratum and put up fortifications along the Rhine to protect it against the confederacy of German tribes, known as Alemanni, located on the opposite side of the river.
Dictionaries translate "Germane" with "Teuton", though actually the Teutons were just one Germanic tribe among others, such as the Suevians, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Vandals and Alemanni (the ancestors of today's German Swiss).