Ales Hrdlicka

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hrdlička, Aleš


Born Mar. 29, 1869, in Humpolec, Bohemia; died Sept. 5, 1943, in Washington, D.C. American anthropologist of Czech extraction.

From 1903, Hrdlička served as assistant curator of the division of physical anthropology of the National Museum in Washington, D.C.; he was curator of the division from 1910 through 1942. He founded the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (1918). Hrdlička’s major writings dealt with the origin and evolution of man and the original settlement of the American continent. He spent many years doing field studies of various Indian tribes in North and South America, as well as of the inhabitants of the Aleutian and Komandorskie islands, which confirmed the theory that North America was first settled by Asiatic peoples. According to another theory of Hrdlička’s, which he set forth in 1927, Neanderthal man represents a stage in the evolution of mankind.


Early Man in South America. Washington, D.C. 1912.
The Neanderthal Phase of Man. London [1927].
Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Washington, D.C. 1930.


Levin, M. G. “A. Grdlichka (Zhizn’ i deiatel’nost’).” Kratkie soobshcheniia In-ta etnografii, 1946, issue 1.
“100 let so dnia rozhdeniia A. Grdlichki.” Voprosy antropologii, 1969, issue 33, pp. 3–15.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ales Hrdlicka, the Smithsonian's curator of physical anthropology:
Three photographers that teach at Sofia University - Ales Hrdlicka, Petar Abadjiev and Rossen Kolarov - will show a collection of their photographs of various themes that will be available for sale.
A recent accelerator radiocarbon study of Eastern Aleutian human remains that Ales Hrdlicka collected in the 1930s contradicts his long-standing assertion that brachycranic Neo-Aleut people, moving west along the island chain at ca.
Une etude recente realisee au moyen d'un accelerateur pour la datation par le carbone 14 visant des depouilles mortelles d'A leoutes de l'Est recueillies par Ales Hrdlicka dans les annees 1930 vient contredire son affirmation de longue date selon laquelle le peuple neo-aleoute brachycrane, se deplacant vers l'ouest le long de l'arc insulaire vers l'an 1000 BP, a remplace la population paleo-aleoute dolichocrane.
National Museum, the book addressed such key "racial" issues as the laws of heredity, the genetic basis of mental abilities and predispositions, and the "races of man." There was no uniform "line." The authors, for example, gave differing definitions of "race." Herbert Spencer Jennings, then professor of zoology at the University of California, defined a "race" as a "group showing certain common features, and differing in certain features from members of other groups." Ales Hrdlicka, the U.S.
Alfred Kroeber had sent the brain there knowing that Ales Hrdlicka was amassing brains for scientific study."
Laughlin, who had worked for Ales Hrdlicka in the Aleutians in 1938, had assembled a multidisciplinary research team that included a number of students.
27, 1916, Kroeber offered to ship Ishi's brain to Ales Hrdlicka, then the Smithsonian's physical anthropology curator, to include in his studies of links between brain size, body weight, and race.
The material remains reported by Diamond Jenness and decorated artifacts purchased by Ales Hrdlicka on St.
Chapter 2, "History of Archaeological Research," traces investigations at the site, from Ales Hrdlicka and Helge Larsen's in preliminary testing in the 1930s and 1940s, to Dumond's later surveys, test trenches, and block excavations in 1961, 1973, and 1985.