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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of deciduous trees of the family Euphor-biaceae. The alternate leaves are entire or three- to five-lobed. The flowers are unisexual and have a five-petaled corolla. The fruit is drupaceous and reaches 6 cm in diameter. The seeds are large, measuring 2–3 cm in length, and, in most species, are poisonous. There are five species (according to other data, as many as 15), found on Pacific islands and in tropical and subtropical regions of South and East Asia. The seeds contain a large quantity of rapidly drying high-quality oil. The best tung oil is obtained from seeds of the tung tree A. fordii, which is native to China and cultivated in many warm countries. Valuable industrial oils are also obtained from the species A. montana, A. moluccana, A. cordata, and A. trisperma. A. fordii and A. cordata are cultivated in the USSR, in Transcaucasia.


Siniagin, 1.1. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
Mudzhiri, I. P. Kul’tura tunga i kompleksnoe ispol’zovanie egoplodov. Tbilisi, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abstract: Spodoptera cosmioides (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous pest that causes damage to various crops including those used in the production of biodiesel, such as castor bean (Ricinus communis), Barbados nut (Jatropha curcas), and Tung-oil tree (Aleurites fordii).
Table - 4 Indonesia's 1997 spices production by type of plantation (Tons) Spices Smallholders' State-owned plantation plantation - Pepper 49,500 100 - Ginger 80,345 0 - Vanilla 2,021 0 - Cinnamon 36,918 0 - Cardamom 1,421 0 - Nutmeg 18,245 5 - Aleurites 69,776 0 moluccana - Lemongrass 562 0 Spices Private Total plantation - Pepper -- 49,600 - Ginger 3 80,348 - Vanilla 24 2,045 - Cinnamon 9 36,927 - Cardamom 0 1,421 - Nutmeg 60 18,310 - Aleurites 0 69,776 moluccana - Lemongrass 8 570
Well-distributed Oligocene rocks include following formations: Formation of first acidic volcanism (tuffaceous sandstone, slightly to strongly calcareous sandstone and sandy limestone); Formation of second acidic volcanism (tuffs); Djebel Formation (sandstone, sands, aleurites and clays).
Kekuna, candle nut, Aleurites moluccana Euphorbiaceae
These include a bone of the Polynesian rat, Rattus exulans; a nutshell of the kukui tree, Aleurites moluccana; a charred fragment of a tentatively identified sweet potato tuber, Ipomoea batatas; wood charcoal identified as breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis; a piece of gourd, Lagenaria siceraria; and wood charcoal identified as k[bar.i], Cordyline fruticosa.
The eastern boundary of the studied zone is built of the sediments of the Djebel Formation, presented by sandstone, sands, aleurites and clays.
(Brassica campestris (and) aleurites fordi oil copolymer)
Plant species Total Pupae [fruit.sup.-1] number (minimum; maximum) of pupae Aleurites moluccana 1 0.08 (L.) Willd.
An estimate of site establishment yielded by the model-based analysis, supported by the age of an Aleurites moluccana nutshell dated by Spriggs, indicates that O 18 was established several centuries after the islands were first settled by Polynesians.
These include seeds, seed cases and fruit stones of Aleurites moluccana (candlenut), Barringtonia spp., Canarium indicum, Cocos nucifera (coconut), Inocarpus fagiferus (Tahitian chestnut), Pandanus spp.
A candlenut fragment (Aleurites molluccana) was recorded from one of these bands.
implexa, Imshaugia aleurites, Parmeliopsis ambigua o Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla, asi como la de otros liquenes tipicos de estos pinares como son Hypogymnia farinacea, H.