Abstract: Spodoptera cosmioides (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous pest that causes damage to various crops including those used in the production of biodiesel, such as castor bean (Ricinus communis), Barbados nut (Jatropha curcas), and Tung-oil tree (Aleurites
Table - 4 Indonesia's 1997 spices production by type of plantation (Tons) Spices Smallholders' State-owned plantation plantation - Pepper 49,500 100 - Ginger 80,345 0 - Vanilla 2,021 0 - Cinnamon 36,918 0 - Cardamom 1,421 0 - Nutmeg 18,245 5 - Aleurites
69,776 0 moluccana - Lemongrass 562 0 Spices Private Total plantation - Pepper -- 49,600 - Ginger 3 80,348 - Vanilla 24 2,045 - Cinnamon 9 36,927 - Cardamom 0 1,421 - Nutmeg 60 18,310 - Aleurites
0 69,776 moluccana - Lemongrass 8 570
Well-distributed Oligocene rocks include following formations: Formation of first acidic volcanism (tuffaceous sandstone, slightly to strongly calcareous sandstone and sandy limestone); Formation of second acidic volcanism (tuffs); Djebel Formation (sandstone, sands, aleurites
Kekuna, candle nut, Aleurites
These include a bone of the Polynesian rat, Rattus exulans; a nutshell of the kukui tree, Aleurites
moluccana; a charred fragment of a tentatively identified sweet potato tuber, Ipomoea batatas; wood charcoal identified as breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis; a piece of gourd, Lagenaria siceraria; and wood charcoal identified as k[bar.i], Cordyline fruticosa.
The eastern boundary of the studied zone is built of the sediments of the Djebel Formation, presented by sandstone, sands, aleurites
(Brassica campestris (and) aleurites
fordi oil copolymer)
Plant species Total Pupae [fruit.sup.-1] number (minimum; maximum) of pupae Aleurites
moluccana 1 0.08 (L.) Willd.
An estimate of site establishment yielded by the model-based analysis, supported by the age of an Aleurites
moluccana nutshell dated by Spriggs, indicates that O 18 was established several centuries after the islands were first settled by Polynesians.
These include seeds, seed cases and fruit stones of Aleurites
moluccana (candlenut), Barringtonia spp., Canarium indicum, Cocos nucifera (coconut), Inocarpus fagiferus (Tahitian chestnut), Pandanus spp.
A candlenut fragment (Aleurites
molluccana) was recorded from one of these bands.
implexa, Imshaugia aleurites
, Parmeliopsis ambigua o Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla, asi como la de otros liquenes tipicos de estos pinares como son Hypogymnia farinacea, H.