Aleut


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Aleut

(əlo͞ot`, ăl`ēo͞ot'), native inhabitant of the Aleutian Islands and W Alaska. Like the EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
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, the Aleuts are racially similar to Siberian peoples. Their language is a member of the Eskimo-AleutEskimo-Aleut,
family of Native American languages consisting of Aleut (spoken on the Aleutian Islands and the Kodiak Peninsula) and Eskimo or Inuktitut (spoken in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Siberia).
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 family. When they were first noted by Vitus Jonassen Bering in 1741, their estimated population was between 20,000 and 25,000. Because of their skill in hunting sea mammals, the Aleuts were exploited by Russian fur traders throughout the coastal waters of the Gulf of Alaska, sometimes as far south as California. The ruthless policies of the traders and conflict with the fierce mainland natives reduced their population by the end of the 18th cent. to one tenth its former size. However, by 1990 their numbers had increased to almost 24,000 in the United States. They continue to live in relative isolation; most are members of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Bibliography

See V. I. Jochelson, The History, Ethnology and Anthropology of the Aleut (1933, repr. 1966); R. Ackerman, Ethnohistory in Southwestern Alaska and the Southern Yukon (1970); W. S. Laughlin, Aleuts (1981).

References in periodicals archive ?
The zookeepers allowed bear mother Vera and her newborns Gregor and Aleut some rest before presenting the cuddly cubs to the visitors at the southern German zoo.
With Japan's forcible resettlement of the surviving native Aleuts from Attu to Hokkaido for the remainder of the war, Alaska Natives quickly recognized that they too faced grave danger, and the crucible of war would help to tighten the bond between Alaska's indigenous peoples and the rapidly expanding modern state, which mobilized for war by building new airstrips, surging manpower, and cutting the Alaska Highway across 1,400 miles of northern wilderness in 1942.
As in the case of Bartleby, the Aleut woman is a case of unreadability by narrative impoverishment.
This condition has deep historical roots; the ancient Aleut name for Pacific cod translates literally into "the fish that stops" because this species periodically disappears (Black, 1981), a situation that occurred, according to traditional Aleut knowledge, at least once in the mid-19th century, and again in approximately 1942.
As one of seven businesses developed out of the Aleut family of companies, Aleut Management Services is one of the premier suppliers of operational, maintenance, engineering and information technology services to Federal and State Government clients.
Some specific essays consider lessons learned from salmon culturing, role of salmon in supporting indigenous Aleut communities, indigenous perspectives on sustainable use of resources, Columbia River tribal fisheries, and salmon and global capitalism.
It's one of the dew works to analyze and illustrate Aleut art and artifacts, weaving a cultural history with fresh insights on Aleutian heritage and adding new rare photos and analysis of contemporary Aleut artists and prehistory.
Justine Gunderson, administrator for the tribal council in the Aleut village of Nelson Lagoon to USA Today about Alaska's Eskimo and Indian villages refusing free heating oil from Venezuela, on the patriotic principle that no foreigner has the right to call their president "the devil.
There is a longing in her voice, not just for herself but also for the survival of her whole Aleut tribe.