Alexander Archipenko


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Alexander Archipenko: Jacques Lipchitz

Archipenko, Alexander

(ärkhĭpĕn`kō), 1887–1964, Ukrainian-American sculptor, b. Kiev. He moved to Moscow in 1906 and to Paris in 1908. There he began to adapt cubist technique to sculpture. In 1910 he opened his own art school in Paris, later moved (1921) to Berlin and established a school, and, finally, emigrated (1923) to New York City, where he also founded a school. In 1912, Archipenko introduced sculpto-painting, an attempt to unite form and color via mixed media. However, his major contribution to 20th-century sculpture was his realization of negative form. Archipenko recognized the aesthetic value of the void—the hollowed-out shape or perforation as a complement to the bulging mass—as exemplified by his Madonna in marble and the bronze Woman Combing Her Hair (1915, Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Archipenko also worked in carved plastic lighted from within. His nearly abstract figures gained him international renown; among them are Torso in Space (Whitney Mus., New York City), Walking Girl (Honolulu Mus.), and White Torso (examples in the Chicago Arts Club and in the Fine Art Association, Phoenix, Arizona). Archipenko was also an engineer, ceramist, and teacher.

Bibliography

See his Archipenko: Fifty Creative Years: 1908–1958 (1960); D. H. Karshan, Archipenko: Schlpture, Drawings and Prints, 1908–1963 (1985); K. J. Michaelsen and N. Guralnik, Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute (1986).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Archipenko, Alexander

(1887–1964) sculptor; born in Kiev, Russia. He studied at the Kiev School of Art (1902–05), in Paris (1908–21), and settled in New York City (1923). He taught at many institutions, including Moholy-Nagy's New Bauhaus School, Chicago (1937–39), and became famous for his combinations of sculpture and painting, as in Medrano II (1914).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Keith Haring (May 4,1958), Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904), Henri Rousseau (May 21, 1884), Franz Kline (May 23, 1910), and Alexander Archipenko (May 30,1887).
The ecstasy and exuberance of dance itself is brilliantly captured in Alexander Archipenko's The Dance (1959 edition), its gleaming bronze form, given a slightly roughened surface, conveying the participants' taut, sinuous stance.
She also attended Mills College in Oakland, Calif., where she studied with Alexander Archipenko.
Opening May 13 to run through July 23: Archipenko 2D/3D: Prints and Sculpture, presenting 12 sculptures and 25 prints by Alexander Archipenko. Information: (727) 896-2667.
Alexander Archipenko: Important Bronzes from a Distinguished Private Collection
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Keith Hating (May 4, 1958), Jasper Johns (May 5, 1930), Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904), Georges Braque (May 13, 1882), Mary Cassatt (May 22, 1844) and Alexander Archipenko (May 30, 1887).
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Salvador Dali, Alexander Archipenko and Yaacov Agam.