Aleksandr Borodin

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Borodin, Aleksandr Parfen’evich

 

Born Sept. 28 (Oct. 10), 1848, in St. Petersburg; died Mar. 26 (Apr. 7), 1898. Russian engineer and scientist in the field of railway transportation; one of the founders of steam locomotive engineering in Russia. After being graduated from the St. Petersburg Technological Institute (1870) and the Institute of Railways (1872) he performed supervisory engineering duties on the Riazhsk-Viaz’ma (until 1877), the Kiev-Brest (1877 to 1878), the Southwestern (1878 to 1896), and the Moscow-Windau-Rybinsk (18% to 1898) railways.

During the 1890’s when intensified railway construction was taking place in Russia, the scientific work of Borodin had an important effect on the technological development of railway transportation. During the period from 1880 to 1882, Borodin created the world’s first stationary laboratory for testing steam locomotives based on the Kiev workshops of the Southwestern railway. A similar laboratory was built in the USA only nine years later. Borodin did important theoretical and experimental work on the development of locomotive double-expansion steam engines. Through his initiative the first high-speed, four-cylinder steam locomotive with a tandem-compound system was constructed; in 1896, Borodin suggested the idea of steam condensation on steam locomotives. He made a number of proposals regarding the unification of locomotive and rolling-stock depots, and also on automatic brakes; he suggested efficient schemes of locating water-supply points along a railway.

Borodin was permanent chairman of the conventions of railway traction engineers of Russian railways. He took an active part in the operation of the Russian Engineering Society. He was one of the founders of the journal Enzhiner (1882), which was published in Kiev, and became its editor in chief in 1889. In 1897 the Russian Engineering Society established a gold medal in Borodin’s name for the best inventions and studies in the field of railway transportation.

REFERENCES

Zhitkov, S. M. Biografii inzhenerovputei soobshcheniia, issue 3. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Tkachenko, F. Borodin, Aleksandr Parfen’evich. Moscow, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prince Igor (1890), the first item in repertory, the only opera by Alexander Borodin, full-time chemist and part-time composer, was left unfinished by him.
The year's popular songs included "Stranger in Paradise," based on a melody by Alexander Borodin, "Hernando's Hideaway" and "Hey, There," both from the Broadway musical Pajama Game, "I Love Paris," "Careless Love," and "Young at Heart."
3; Alexander Borodin's "Polovtsian" Dances; and finishes with P.I.
Two violins, a viola and a cello will join together to bring to life Russian composer Alexander Borodin's 2nd string quartet, a piece he dedicated to his wife on their 25th anniversary.
He was a benefactor to other composers, including Richard Wagner, Hector Berlioz, Camille Saint-Saens, Edvard Grieg and Alexander Borodin. As a composer, Liszt was left behind an extensive and diverse body of work in which he influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and trends.
The music included pieces by Alexander Borodin, Georgi Sviridov, Stravinsky and Tchaikovsky, including from "Swan Lake'' and "The Nutcracker.'' There were roles for the opera soprano Anna Netrebko; the prima ballerina Diana Vishneva and for Russia's best-known conductor, Valery Gergiev of the Mariinsky Theater.
Like all the music in that show, the melody was taken from music composed by Alexander Borodin, in this case, the Gliding Dance of the Maidens, from the Polovtsian Dances.
The piece was dedicated to Mussorgsky and Alexander Borodin, two of the legendary Mighty Handful, a circle of five Russian composers.
Composers/lyricists Robert Wright and George Forrest used exotic themes from Russian composer Alexander Borodin to evoke the atmosphere of ancient Baghdad, and the lyrics are very clever.
The Borodins have been popular visitors to the Midlands over the years, appearing in a variety of venues (I remember an adrenaline-charged evening with them in the Barber Institute during the 1960s) and for a variety of concert-promoters Though eminent exponents of the quartets of Shostakovich, their calling-card has always been the Second Quartet of their eponym, Alexander Borodin himself, and, truth to tell, its performance here is a little disappointing.
Lest it be forgotten, others of Tchaikovsky's social class who contracted cholera included his own mother, who died from the disease in 1854, and fellow composer Alexander Borodin, who survived an attack in 1885 (pp.
The ensembles will perform separate programs and then, for the grand finale, will combine to perform "Mansions Of The Lord" by Nick Glennie-Smith, and "Polovetsian Dances" by Alexander Borodin.