Campbell, Alexander

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Campbell, Alexander,

1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),
sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible
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. Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow. Both were Anti-Burgher Presbyterians, a division opposed to the discipline of the main church. In 1807 the father went to America, where he was welcomed among the Scotch-Irish in SW Pennsylvania. His presbytery condemned him for asking all Presbyterians to join his church members in the communion service. Although his synod upheld him, the atmosphere remained so hostile that he and his followers, popularly called Campbellites, withdrew. They formed (1809) the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., setting forth its purposes in a "Declaration and Address." That year Campbell was joined in America by his family. In c.1812, having accepted the doctrine of immersion, the Campbells joined the Baptists, but by the late 1820s differences caused trouble. Alexander Campbell, who had assumed leadership, advocated a return to scriptural simplicity in organization and doctrine; his followers became known as Reformers. He founded (1823) the Christian Baptist to promote his views and addressed audiences in the new western states. He edited (from 1830) the Millennial Harbinger, wrote The Christian System (1839), and in 1840 founded Bethany College in West Virginia and became its president. Meanwhile, the Reformers had seceded from or been forced out of many Baptist churches, and Campbell suggested that they form congregations and call themselves Disciples of Christ. Many of the "Christians," led chiefly by Barton Warren StoneStone, Barton Warren,
1772–1844, American clergyman of Kentucky. With four other ministers he withdrew from the Presbyterian Church and in 1804 began to form new churches whose members called themselves simply Christians.
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, joined congregations of the Disciples; in 1832 the two leaders agreed to unite their efforts.


See R. Richardson, Memoirs of Alexander Campbell (2 vol., 1868–70); S. M. Eames, The Philosophy of Alexander Campbell (1966); E. J. Wrather, Creative Freedom in Action (1968).

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Campbell, Alexander

(1788–1866) Protestant religious leader; born near Ballymena, Northern Ireland. He emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1809 to join his father, succeeding the elder Campbell as pastor of an independent Protestant church at Brush Run, Pa., in 1813. An exponent of a primitive Christianity based wholly on the Scriptures, he allied his church in 1832 with other disaffected sects to form the Disciples of Christ. He published a translation of the New Testament in 1826 and in 1840 founded Bethany College in West Virginia, serving as its president until his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
ALEXANDER CAMPBELL - 62, BEAULY I have been supporting Ross County since I was nine years old - when the club was in the Highland League and I used to cycle from Beauly to come to the games.
Along with 5ft 4ins tall gang leader McLean were Patrick Duggan, Alexander Campbell, Murdoch Ballantyne and William Dempsey, who were aged between 18 and 20.
Rachel Evans, digital media specialist at the University of Georgia's Alexander Campbell King Law Library, recounts the 30-some year publishing history of the library's newsletter, currently known as Amicus Briefs.
HOPKINS was named the Alexander Campbell Professor at the University of Chicago Divinity School.
Alexander Campbell turned out the first Baptist-influenced translation of the nineteenth century, The Sacred Writings, published in 1826.
Francesca Hayward dances the role of Clara for the live cinema broadcast, with Alexander Campbell performing as the Nutcracker/Hans-Peter.
In the late 1820s, Alexander Campbell developed a baptismal theology which substituted baptism for the mourner's bench.
In early nineteenth century laments for what they presented as a vanishing Highland society, the poets Anne Grant and Alexander Campbell evoked that culture not just through dress or language but also through music and dance, as they imagined locals enjoying a 'sprightly dance by rapid Spey' or 'trip[ping] it to the sweet Strathspey' (p.
Alexander Campbell, 56, |a joiner, six months' hard labour for stealing clothes
Winchendon: Paige Arsenault, Lauren Bennett, Mariah Boisvert, Kayla Bosselait, Ian Bussiere, Alexander Campbell, Ronda Christie, Calvin Clinkscale, Melanie Cranfill, Tiffany Cranfill, Amanda Earley, Ashley Hancock, Kenneth Higgins, Becca Hill, Andrew Lawrence, Gregory Lizotte, Leslie Lupien, Kyle Morneau, Brian Pfeifle, Lacy Phongsaly, Kathryn Richtarcsik, Sharon Rossi, Ryan Slemmer, Vanessa Smith, Trenton Solomon, Karen Trombly, Dakota Wood
The following chapter discusses Alexander Campbell and the early stages of field collecting in Scotland, focusing on the making of his collection Albyn's Anthology (1816-18) with additional information on the MacLeans of Torloisk and other collectors of Highland song.