Alexander Column

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alexander Column


an architectural memorial in Leningrad; the compositional center of Palace Square.

The monumental Alexander Column, done in the Empire style, was erected from 1830 to 1834 according to the plans of the architect A. A. Montferrand. It commemorated the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. The monolithic pillar (weighing approximately 500 tons) is dark-red granite and crowned with the bronze figure of an angel by the sculptor B. I. Orlovskii. The pedestal is carved with bronze allegorical reliefs by the sculptors P. V. Sint-sov and I. Leppe, based on sketches by J. B. Scotti. The column’s total height is 47.5 meters.


Rotach, A. L. Aleksandrovskaia kolonna. Leningrad, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Locals gathered around an artist that set up his instruments near the Alexander Column. He began singing, I couldn't understand a word of the song, but the camaraderie was palpable.
References to the most significant monuments in the Petersburg of Pushkin's day strengthen the ekphrasis: the Bronze Horseman and the Alexander Column. Jakobson identifies the reference to the Bronze Horseman in the semantically loaded word "not made by hands" (nerukotvornyi), arguing that Pushkin employs it in parody of V.
Allusions to the Bronze Horseman and Alexander Column reiterate this point.
A magnificent example of the latter is the great Alexander Column raised in Palace Square in St Petersburg in 1834, at 47 metres the tallest of its sort in the world.