Alexander Fleming

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fleming, Alexander


Born Aug. 6, 1881, in Lochfield; died Mar. 11, 1955, in London. British microbiologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1943) and member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1946).

Fleming graduated from St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School of the University of London in 1906. He conducted research at the Bacteriological Institute in London from 1908 to 1914 and from 1918 to 1948; he became a professor there in 1928 and was director of the institute from 1946 to 1954. From 1948 to 1955, Fleming was a professor of bacteriology at the University of London, and from 1951 to 1954, rector of the University of Edinburgh. He was the first president of the Society for General Microbiology.

Fleming’s main works dealt with immunology, general bacteriology, chemotherapy, antiseptics, and antibiotics. Fleming discovered the antibiotics lysozyme (1922) and penicillin (1929). He shared a Nobel Prize in 1945 with H. Florey and E. Chain.


Penicillin: Its Practical Application, 2nd ed. London, 1950. (Editor.)


“Aleksandr Fleming (1881–1955)” (obituary). Antibiotiki, 1956, vol. 1, no. 1.
Ermol’eva, Z. V. “Aleksandr Fleming.” Klinicheskaia meditsina, 1957, vol. 35, no. 2, p. 157.
Maurois, A. Zhizn’ Aleksandra Fleminga. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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He is the son of Alexander Fleming, the Ayrshire–born scientist whose discovery of penicillin won him a Nobel Prize for medicine as well as a place in history as one of the most famous Scots of all time.
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Alexander Fleming, engineering apprentice at Mondelez International, said: "Volunteers from Mondelez International help out in the local community as much as possible so it was great to get involved with the side of the business that we don't always get to see."
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These include Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin; Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone; Robert Louis Stevenson, author of Kidnapped and Treasure Island; Ian Fleming, author of the James Bond books; and John Logie Baird, inventor of the television.

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