Aleksandr Galich

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Galich, Aleksandr Ivanovich

 

(also A. I. Govorov, A. I. Nikiforov). Born 1783 in the town of Trubchevsk, in present-day Briansk Oblast; died Sept. 9, 1848, at Tsarskoe Selo, now the town of Pushkin. Russian psychologist and idealist philosopher.

Galich studied in Germany and taught Russian and Latin at Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum and philosophy at the Pedagogical Institute (beginning in 1819, the University of St. Petersburg). He demonstrated that thought is subject to the laws of the objective world and that “created matter” is indestructible. He understood truth to be the correspondence of knowledge to objects, and from this standpoint he criticized subjective idealism. Although he recognized the methodology of the experimental sciences, Galich was opposed to materialism. His Lexicon of Philosophical Subjects (vol. 1, 1845) was one of the first reference books on philosophy in Russia. In aesthetics Galich held to romanticism (An Essay at a Science of the Beautiful), criticized the classical theory of imitation, and considered romanticism the art of the future. In psychology (A Picture of Man … , 1834), Galich tried to combine an idealistic and a natural science treatment of the life of the spirit.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, A. “Galich A. I.” In Russkii biograficheskii slovar’ [vol. 4]. Moscow, 1914. (Contains a bibliography.)
Anan’ev, B. G. Ocherki istorii russkoi psikhologii 18 i 19 vekov. [Moscow] 1947. Chapter 3, pp. 74-79.
Istoriia filosofii v SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1968. Pages 161-65.

Z. A. KAMENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Back in the 1970s the underground Soviet singer-songwriter Alexander Galich sang of his country,"We stand for peace and we are preparing for war.
After the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, the Russian poet Alexander Galich wrote: "Compatriots, our homeland is in danger
1936) is a bard in the tradition of Alexander Galich (1918-77), Bulat Okoudjava (1924-97), and Vladimir Vysotskii (1938-80), the founders of a genre called avtorskaia pesnia (author's song).
Screenplay, Mashkov, Ilya Rubinstein, based on the play by Alexander Galich.
From Vladimir Jabotinsky and Isaac Babel, the two best known, and, perhaps, most complex and intriguing figures in this volume, Nakhimovsky proceeds to explore the work and biographies of Vasilii Grossman, the most important chronicler of the Holocaust in the Russian tongue; Alexander Galich, a famous dramatist and satirist who converted to Russian Orthodoxy but retained and expressed a complicated and fascinating Jewish consciousness in his controversial work; and Felix Roziner and David Markish, two lesser (and very different) contemporary Russian-Jewish writers.
But if we remember Losev's peculiar sense of self-irony, then we can easily forgive his mild cynicism and imagine these poems as songs which Alexander Galich might sing.