Alexander Mackenzie

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Mackenzie, Alexander,

1822–92, Canadian political leader, b. Scotland. Emigrating (1842) to Canada, he worked first as a stonemason in Kingston, Ont., and then as a builder and contractor in Sarnia. In Lambton he became editor (1852) of a Liberal newspaper. Elected (1861) to the Canadian Legislative Assembly, Mackenzie supported the confederation movement and the Liberal leader, George BrownBrown, George,
1818–80, Canadian statesman and journalist, b. Scotland. In 1837 he emigrated to the United States, but after five years in New York City, he settled in Toronto, Ont.
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. A member of the first dominion House of Commons (1867), Mackenzie headed the Liberal opposition to Sir John A. MacdonaldMacdonald, Sir John Alexander,
1815–91, Canadian statesman, first prime minister of the Dominion of Canada, b. Glasgow. His parents settled in 1820 in Kingston, Ont. Macdonald first practiced law.
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's government; upon its fall (1873) as a result of the Pacific scandalPacific scandal,
1873, a major event in Canadian political history. Charges were made in Parliament that the Conservative administration of Sir John A. Macdonald had accepted campaign funds from Sir Hugh Allan in return for a promise to award Allan's syndicate the contract to
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 he became the first Liberal prime minister of the dominion. In 1878, Macdonald came back into power, and Mackenzie, who remained in Parliament until his death, led the Liberal opposition until 1880. During his ministry the courts and provincial governments were strengthened, trade expanded, and immigration, especially to the western provinces, was encouraged.


See his life and times by W. Buckingham and G. W. Ross (1892, repr. 1969).

Mackenzie, Alexander


Born 1764, in Stornoway, Lewis Island, Scotland; died Mar. 12, 1820, near Dunkeld, Scotland. Scotch merchant and traveler; agent for the North West Company, a Canadian fur-trading company.

In 1788, Mackenzie established a trading post on Lake Athabasca. In 1789 he went down the Slave River, explored Great Slave Lake, and discovered the Mackenzie River (from the source to the delta), the Mackenzie Mountains, and the Franklin Mountains. In 1792 and 1793 he traversed North America from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Queen Charlotte Sound and followed the entire course of the Peace River; he crossed the Rocky Mountains and the Coast Range, discovering between them an interior plateau and the upper course of the Fraser River. In 1793 and 1794, Mackenzie returned eastward along the same route, crossing the continent a second time.


Voyages From Montreal on the River St. Lawrence Through the Continent of North-America … , parts 1-2. London, 1801.


Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1962.


Mackenzie, Alexander


Born Jan. 28, 1822, in Perthshire, Scotland; died Apr. 17, 1892, in Toronto. Canadian statesman.

Beginning in 1842, Mackenzie lived in Canada, and in 1867 he was elected to the House of Commons there. He was the leader of the Liberal Party in the 1870’s. From November 1873 to October 1878 he served as prime minister of the first Liberal government of Canada, holding at the same time the post of minister of public works. The Mackenzie government conducted a policy of free trade.


Thomson, D. C. Alexander Mackenzie: Clear Grit. Toronto, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
You would think roses with names like Alexander Mackenzie, Henry Kelsey, David Thompson and the rest, would have the wherewithal to thrive in a Canadian winter without any special preparation at all," I commented.
He details how Alexander Mackenzie became the first European explorer to cross from the Atlantic to the Pacific a dozen years before Lewis and Clark.
The Board stated that this was the first railroad in the Canadian West, as well as the first section built of the water and rail route to British Columbia proposed by Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie in 1874, as an alternative to Sir John A.
Lester Pearson (the man, not the airport) and John Diefenbaker seem almost as remote from the political discourse of the present day as do Louis-Joseph Papineau and Alexander Mackenzie.
Alexander Mackenzie, a Scotsman-turned-Canadian hero who died nonetheless a proud Scot, was in fact the first European to cross the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific north of Mexico.
Fellow cop Alexander MacKenzie, whose 39 years' service makes him one of the longest serving officers in Scotland, also gets the Queen's Police Medal.
Peter Cooper, prosecuting, told the jury that Jonathan Beard,Hassan Miah Shigdar, Edward Hunter and Alexander Mackenzie Skeoch 'overstepped the mark' as they wrestled Mr Lawrence, aged 41, to the floor of a general store.
In 1874 the Liberal regime of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie invoked the Dominion government's constitutional power to disallow provincial legislation.
policy, as Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie had declared in 1877.
Sir Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820), the first European to cross the full width of North America, described pemmican as the food used by North American Indians on their travels.
Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie, in 1877 on the question of prohibiting the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages, warned against expecting too much of the law.