Alexander Nevsky Monastery

(redirected from Alexander Nevsky Lavra)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alexander Nevsky Monastery


a former monastery in Leningrad. Founded by Peter I in 1710 to honor Alexander Nevsky, it was designated lavra (first-rank monastery) in 1797. The architectural ensemble of the monastery includes the Blagoveshchenie church (1717–22; architects, D. Trezini and T. Shvertfeger), the Fedorov church (1742–50; architect, P. Trezini), and the monumental classical Troitsa cathedral (1778–90; architect, I. E. Starov).

The monastery is now a state preserve, where the Museum of City Sculpture, which includes an 18th-century necropolis (the Lazarevskoe Cemetery with sculptures by I. P. Martos and M. I. Kozlovskii) and the necropolis of masters of the arts (the Tikhvinskoe Cemetery), is located. M. V. Lomonosov, A. V. Suvorov, D. I. Fonvizin, N. M. Karamzin, I. A. Krylov, M. I. Glinka, M. P. Mussorgsky, P. I. Tchaikovsky, F. M. Dostoevsky, V. V. Stasov, and many other figures of the 18—20th centuries are buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.


Pamiatniki arkhitektury Leningrada. Leningrad, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.