Aleksandr Novikov

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Novikov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich

 

Born Nov. 6 (19), 1900, in the village of Kriukovo, now in Nerekhta Raion, Kostroma Oblast; died Dec. 3, 1976, in Moscow. Soviet military figure, chief marshal of aviation (1944). Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (Apr. 17, 1945, and Sept. 8, 1945); professor (1958). Member of the CPSU from 1920.

Novikov joined the Red Army in 1919 and fought in the Civil War (1918–20). He graduated from Vystrel, the higher infantry school of the Red Army, in 1922 and from the M. V. Frunze Military Academy in 1930. In 1938 he became chief of staff of the air forces of the Leningrad Military District. During the Soviet-Finnish War (1939–40) he served as chief of staff of the air forces of the Northwestern Front. In 1940 he was made commander of the air forces of the Leningrad Military District, and after the start of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, chief of staff of the air forces of the Northern Front (renamed the Leningrad Front in August 1941). From February to April 1942 he was first deputy commander and from 1942 to 1946 commander of the air forces of the Soviet Army. In 1942 and 1943 he was also deputy people’s commissar of defense.

Novikov coordinated aviation combat on several fronts. He fought in the battles of Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Kursk; in the operations to liberate the Ukraine, Byelorussia, and Poland; in the Berlin operation; and in the campaign resulting in the destruction of the Japanese Kwantung Army.

After the war, in 1953, Novikov became commander of long-range aviation, simultaneously serving as deputy commander in chief of the air force in 1954 and 1955. In 1956 he went into the reserves for reasons of health.

Novikov was a deputy to the second convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, three Orders of the Red Banner, three Orders of Suvorov First Class, the Order of Kutuzov First Class, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of the Red Star, various medals, and several foreign orders.

WORKS

Reaktivnaia tekhnika v transportnoi aviatsii. Leningrad, 1963.
V nebe Leningrada. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new confinement is our future, this is something that we awaited for many years," Alexander Novikov, deputy technical director for security at the Chernobyl power plant, told reporters on a visit to Chernobyl this week.
That left Dynamo needing three goals just to level the tie on aggregate, a task manager Alexander Novikov had described before the match as "almost impossible".
Dynamo Moscow coach Alexander Novikov says 150 million Russians are willing his side to knock Rangers out tonight.
Information Builders provides us with a unique combination of business intelligence/information delivery and SOA/information integration capabilities," said Alexander Novikov, general manager of FOBOS PLUS.
Dynamo coach Alexander Novikov admitted: "Rangers are stronger than our side and it was no wonder they won the game.
Coach Alexander Novikov, left, insisted his team will have the support of the nation as a victory for Dynamo would boost his country's co-efficient.
Coach Alexander Novikov reckons they are hitting top form and said: "That was easily our best performance of the season.
DYNAMO MOSCOW coach Alexander Novikov insists 150 million Russians are willing his side to knock Rangers out of the UEFA Cup tonight.
CHEEKY Dynamo Moscow coach Alexander Novikov last night ripped into Rangers again - and claimed they'll try to get their UEFA Cup clash moved from Russia because of the cold weather.
DYNAMO Moscow boss Alexander Novikov last night claimed the whole of Russia were behind his side as they try to dump Rangers out of the UEFA Cup.
But the Muscovites, coached by Alexander Novikov, have clearly fallen on hard times since those heady days.