Aleksandr Orlov

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Orlov, Aleksandr Iakovlevich

 

Born Mar. 25 (Apr. 6), 1880, in Smolensk; died Jan. 28, 1954, in Moscow. Soviet astronomer. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1927) and academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1939).

Orlov graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1902. From 1913 to 1934 he was a professor and director of the astronomical observatory at the University of Odessa. From 1926 to 1934 and from 1938 to 1951 he was director of the Poltava Gravimetric Observatory, and from 1944 to 1949 and in 1951–52, he was director of the Central Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Under Orlov’s direction, work was conducted in 1926 on a gravimetric survey of the Ukraine, the study of tidal variations in the force of gravity, and changes in latitude. Orlov investigated the annual and free motion of the instantaneous axis of rotation of the earth and obtained very precise data on the motion of the earth’s poles. He did most of his work in theoretical astronomy, seismometry, and magnetometry. Orlov was awarded the Order of Lenin and two other orders, as well as a number of medals.

REFERENCES

Astronomiia SSSR za tridtsat’let, 1917–47. (Collection of articles.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1948. (Contains a bibliography.)
Aksent’eva, Z. N. “Zhizn’ i deiatel’nost’ Aleksandra Iakovlevicha Orlova (1880–1954).” In Trudy 11-i astronomicheskoi konferentsii SSSR (Pulkovo, 24–26 maia 1954). Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
We wanted to create a new benchmark for a laid-back seafood dining that offers guests an exceptional selection of Crab that is easy on the pocket, compared to other restaurants in Dubai," explained Bulldozer Group co-founder Alexander Orlov.
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However, Alexander Orlov, the Russian ambassador to France, said Wednesday that if Turkey wants to join the international coalition against ISIS, "they are welcome.
Moscow's ambassador to France Alexander Orlov said earlier that one of the two pilots was wounded, then killed on the ground by "jihadists" after landing with his parachute.
In Paris, Russian Ambassador Alexander Orlov insisted that Russian warplanes in Syria were aiming at the same extremists targeted by the United States, and denied American claims that its military failed to co-ordinate the air strikes, describing the allegations as a "war of disinformation".
Oxford University Press, the publishing department of Oxford University, announced on Tuesday that it is to publish The Life and Death of Alexander Orlov, Boris Volodarsky's new biography about a Soviet General who served Stalin during the Spanish Civil War.
Ambassador Alexander Orlov confirmed Putin's planned attendance in comments to BFM television, after France's president and defence minister both said the Russian leader - accused by the West of destabilising neighbouring Ukraine - was still welcome to come.
I think he understands this himself but it should be organized in a civilized manner, as was done for example in Yemen, "said Alexander Orlov in an interview with the French newspaper, "Le Parisien".
DAMASCUS/ MOSCOW, (SANA)- Russia's Ambassador to France, Alexander Orlov categorically denied what was ascribed to him on President Bashar al-Assad agreeing to leave power in an interview with Radio France Internationale.