Aleksandr Orlov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orlov, Aleksandr Iakovlevich


Born Mar. 25 (Apr. 6), 1880, in Smolensk; died Jan. 28, 1954, in Moscow. Soviet astronomer. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1927) and academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1939).

Orlov graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1902. From 1913 to 1934 he was a professor and director of the astronomical observatory at the University of Odessa. From 1926 to 1934 and from 1938 to 1951 he was director of the Poltava Gravimetric Observatory, and from 1944 to 1949 and in 1951–52, he was director of the Central Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Under Orlov’s direction, work was conducted in 1926 on a gravimetric survey of the Ukraine, the study of tidal variations in the force of gravity, and changes in latitude. Orlov investigated the annual and free motion of the instantaneous axis of rotation of the earth and obtained very precise data on the motion of the earth’s poles. He did most of his work in theoretical astronomy, seismometry, and magnetometry. Orlov was awarded the Order of Lenin and two other orders, as well as a number of medals.


Astronomiia SSSR za tridtsat’let, 1917–47. (Collection of articles.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1948. (Contains a bibliography.)
Aksent’eva, Z. N. “Zhizn’ i deiatel’nost’ Aleksandra Iakovlevicha Orlova (1880–1954).” In Trudy 11-i astronomicheskoi konferentsii SSSR (Pulkovo, 24–26 maia 1954). Leningrad, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We wanted to create a new benchmark for a laid-back seafood dining that offers guests an exceptional selection of Crab that is easy on the pocket, compared to other restaurants in Dubai," explained Bulldozer Group co-founder Alexander Orlov. "In collaboration with The White Rabbit family, we have applied our unique touch across the menu, interior design, and ambiance to create an exemplary experience."
Nonetheless, Russia's ambassador to Paris, Alexander Orlov said on Monday that he expected this first meeting between the two men to be full of "smiles" and marking the beginning of "a very good and long relationship".
"I'm sure he'll come to Paris someday and will certainly visit the cathedral, which after all he wanted to have built," Russian Ambassador Alexander Orlov told France 2 television after the consecration.
The leaders of the Normandy Four (Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany) will discuss the conflict in Ukraine on October 19 in Berlin, stated Russian Ambassador to Paris Alexander Orlov, cited by TASS.
(Bulldozer's Evgeny Kuzin, Maxim Vlasov and Alexander Orlov are responsible for many of Dubai's most well-heeled - i.e.
In relevant remarks on November, Russian Ambassador to France Alexander Orlov said that Turkey has played an "ambiguous" role in the campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) while acting as an accomplice to the terrorist group's activities.
However, Alexander Orlov, the Russian ambassador to France, said Wednesday that if Turkey wants to join the international coalition against ISIS, "they are welcome."
Moscow's ambassador to France Alexander Orlov said earlier that one of the two pilots was wounded, then killed on the ground by "jihadists" after landing with his parachute.
In Paris, Russian Ambassador Alexander Orlov insisted that Russian warplanes in Syria were aiming at the same extremists targeted by the United States, and denied American claims that its military failed to co-ordinate the air strikes, describing the allegations as a "war of disinformation".
Oxford University Press, the publishing department of Oxford University, announced on Tuesday that it is to publish The Life and Death of Alexander Orlov, Boris Volodarsky's new biography about a Soviet General who served Stalin during the Spanish Civil War.