Alexander Selkirk

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Related to Alexander Selkirk: Juan Fernández Islands
Alexander Selkirk
BirthplaceLower Largo, Fife, Scotland
NationalityScottish and British (after 1707)
Known for Inspiring Robinson Crusoe

Selkirk, Alexander

(sĕl`kərk), 1676–1721, Scottish sailor whose adventures suggested to Daniel Defoe the story of Robinson Crusoe (1719). In 1704, as a sailing master, Selkirk quarreled with the captain of his ship in the Juan FernándezJuan Fernández
, group of small islands, S Pacific, c.400 mi (640 km) W of Valparaiso, Chile. They belong to Chile and are constitutionally a special territory; they are administered as a part of Valparaiso prov.
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 islands and asked to be put ashore. He remained on Más a Tierra Island for four years and four months before he was rescued (Feb., 1709) by an English privateer.


See J. Howell, The Life and Adventures of Alexander Selkirk (1829).

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Selkirk, Alexander

real-life prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Br. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]

Selkirk, Alexander

(1676–1721) marooned on Pacific island; thought to be prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Scot. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fife's Lower Largo was home to Alexander Selkirk, the castaway sailor whose adventures inspired the famous novel by Daniel Defoe.
But Juan Fernandez, the island where Alexander Selkirk -the real-life Robinson Crusoe -had survived for four years had fresh food and gave Anson's men time to recover.
One hundred and thirty years after Juan Fernandez first sailed past it, the island of Mas a Tierra received its most distinguished visitor, a twenty-one-year-old Scottish shoemaker's son and seeker of ill-gained fortune, one Alexander Selkirk of County Fife, who set into motion a story that was to reverberate in scores of languages for three hundred years and counting--the legend of Robinson Crusoe.
It is noted at one point that the bleak Chilean-owned island from which Alexander Selkirk, one real-life prototype for Crusoe, was picked up, has been officially renamed Isla Robinson Crusoe in the hope of attracting tourists.
was the fictional desert island dwellar whose tale was based on the real-life experiences of Alexander Selkirk?
The Batchelor, the lead ship with the loot, was towed up the Thames, with its Master Alexander Selkirk in "swanskin waistcoat, blue linen shirt, new breeches and shoes with scarlet laces" taking the salute.
The Whitbread First Novel Award was awarded to Sid Smith, a former dustman, docker and builder, for his book 'Something Like a House', while the Whitbread poetry award went to Selima Hill for 'Bunny' and the biography award to Diana Souhami for 'Selkirk's Island', a biography of Alexander Selkirk.
Defoe probably based part of Crusoe's tale on the real-life experiences of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor who at his own request was put ashore on an uninhabited island in 1704 after a quarrel with his captain.
1709 - British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued from a desert island after five years.
The first day of the month marks Robinson Crusoe Day, commemorating the anniversary of the rescue in 1709 of Alexander Selkirk, the marooned sailor who is said to have inspired Daniel Defoe's exciting tale.
Of which famous fictional character was Alexander Selkirk the real-life prototype?