Even if relatively few popes were as personally corrupt as Alexander VI
(John XII, elected at age 18 in 995, is surely a close second), there were more than a handful of others who could not conceivably be regarded as reliable guides to the meaning of Catholicism.
But the popes who succeeded this astute and prescient pontiff, notably Sixtus IV, Innocent VIII, and Alexander VI
, were less interested in maintaining peace in the peninsula and more concerned with promoting the aggrandizement of their families.
Whole continents owe their countries, official languages, official symbols and even judicial systems to the energies of first the Roman Catholic Church, from the time of Pope Alexander VI
, to the Christianity spread by the British, Spanish, French and Dutch empires.
| 1492: The infamous and corrupt Roderigo Borgia bribed enough cardinals to become Pope Alexander VI
One of her most notable roles was as Vannozza dei Cattanei, the mistress of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia who became Pope Alexander VI
in the colourful 2011 Showtime series The Borgias.
It included the earliest nautical charts made in the 15th and 16th centuries, jealously guarded by the Portuguese and Spanish that both claimed rights to the islands following the 1493 Papal Bull 'Inter Caetera' issued by Pope Alexander VI
that cut the world in half like an orange and granted rights to discover the unknown world to the competing crowns of Portugal and Spain.
1495 - A bull from Pope Alexander VI
confirmed the foundation of Aberdeen University.
Pope Alexander VI
declared their marriage null and void on December 15, 1498.
1494: The Treaty of Tordesillas is signed Pope Alexander VI
divided the New World between Spain and Portugal, giving Portugal the coastline of Brazil - and subsequently its vast interior.
1492: The infamous and corrupt Roderigo Borgia bribed enough cardinals to become Pope Alexander VI
. 1897: Enid Blyton, children's author, was born in East Dulwich.
Das Lobgedicht des Pietro Lazzaroni an den Borgia Papst Alexander VI
It's the winter of 1501-1502 when In the Name of the Family opens: Rodrigo Borgia is firmly ensconced in the Vatican as Pope Alexander VI
, who openly "uses his illegitimate children as weapons to carve a new dynastic block of power." Cesare, his eldest son, is systematically directing his army of mercenaries in their march northward as they overtake the small city-states of Tuscany, breaking long-standing alliances and killing at will those he once supported.