Wilson, Alexander

(redirected from Alexander Wilson)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Wilson, Alexander,

1766–1813, American ornithologist, b. Scotland. He came to the United States c.1794, taught in rural New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and became a citizen in 1804. Encouraged by William BartramBartram, William,
1739–1823, American naturalist, b. Philadelphia; son of John Bartram. He is known chiefly for his Travels (1791), in which he describes his journey (1773–77) through the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida and areas to the west.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he studied the birds of his adopted country, learned to portray them, and began his encyclopedic American Ornithology (9 vol., 1808–14), a work that is noted for its accuracy and sensitive draftsmanship. Wilson broke with earlier conventions, observing and describing birds in their habitats and naming birds according to the Linnaean binomial method; the beauty and accuracy of his depictions inspired Audubon and other later naturalists. The last two volumes of this series of books were completed by his friend and biographer (1829), the naturalist George Ord, after Wilson's death. In all, the books illustrated and described 264 birds, 48 of them previously unknown. Wilson is also known for his poems and essays on nature.


E. H. Burtt, Jr. and W. E. Davis, Jr., Alexander Wilson: The Scot Who Founded American Ornithology (2013).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Wilson, Alexander

(1766–1813) ornithologist; born in Paisley, Scotland. Raised in poverty, he supported himself as a weaver and peddler before emigrating to the U.S.A. in 1794. Settling in Philadelphia, he taught school and took up the study of birds. In 1808 he published the first volume of his American Ornithology, completing six more volumes over the next five years. His assistant completed the project after his death. Wilson also published two volumes of poetry, including a collection in the Scots dialect.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alexander Wilson died more than two hundred years ago and is buried in Philadelphia.
"But Alexander Wilson could be getting watched every minute of every day and I think it all got a bit fuzzy around the edges for him.
Grosart's The Poems and Miscellaneous Prose of Alexander Wilson (1876).(11) Grosart clearly had access to the Glasgow University notebook while compiling his edition; his section 'Poems Hitherto Uncollected, or for the First Time Printed' contains 'Bloomfield', 'The Aristocrat's War-Whoop', 'Deacon Grumbo' and 'The Dominie'.
Alexander Wilson, The Culture of Nature: North American Landscape from Disney to the Exxon Valdez, Cambridge, Mass., and Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1992, p.
Tears were shed but there was more laughter remembering the larger-than-life character that was Craig Alexander Wilson.
Throughout the day, a range of presentations will be delivered including topics from The Making of the Paisley Shawl and Classical Sculpture and Paisley to The Life and Times of Alexander Wilson 1766-1813 and The Philanthropic Influence of Coats and Clark.
It was very cathartic and it gave me permission to have a good cry but also laugh at great memories of our friend Craig Alexander Wilson, who passed away in December 2016.
With Craig Alexander Wilson - beauty editor of our sister paper the Sunday Mail - wielding the spraygun, 300 people were treated to free fake tans over two days.
FIRESTARTER Alexander Wilson used nail varnish remover to feed the flames as he torched a woman's home.
Alexander Wilson (below) died during an afternoon nap at his home in Chester on Wednesday afternoon.
The car firm's first factory started out as Alexander Wilson & Co in 1857, manufacturing machinery ranging from pumps to steam-power marine engines.
CRAIG ALEXANDER WILSON Fast-acting products from Fake Bake will give you a quick, natural glow, says Craig Alexander Wilson, beauty says Craig Alexander Wilson, beauty editor of our sister paper editor of our sister paper the Sunday Mail.