The Priority of Natures against the Identity of Indiscernibles: Alexander of Aphrodisias
Their topics include the ancient Greek tradition: "what appears good to us" in Aspasius and Alexander of Aphrodisias
, the Arab tradition: Averroes' middle commentary on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, the medieval Hebrew tradition: reception and translation of Aristotle's concept of phantasia, in Hebrew translations and commentary on Ethics.
Paul, and Alexander of Aphrodisias
through those of Isaac Barrow, Sir Isaac Newton, Bernard Mandeville, George Berkeley, Adam Smith, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Also, this can be documented through the work of Alexander of Aphrodisias
(de Fato) seen through the counterfactual that if this were not so, it would destroy the unity of the cosmos (p.
Alexander of Aphrodisias
, whose reading of Aristotle's De Anima was so influential in the East and the West.
Alexander of Aphrodisias
and his Doctrine of the Soul; 1400 years of lasting significance.
Instead, like Alexander of Aphrodisias
before him, Ibn Sina adopts the simplified version of the theory, positing only nine spheres, while at the same time appropriating the remaining Aristotelian views: that the so-called Prime Mover, being both the efficient and final cause in the sense of an object of both love and thought (to orekton kai to noeton), (47) produces motion while all other things move by being moved, and that the first moving sphere, which embraces all the orbs involved in the daily motion, seeks to become as much like the Prime Mover as possible and thus wishes to come to rest in imitation of the First Unmoved Mover.
Through an analysis of the Heidelberger Disputation from 1518 the author tries to show, that the position of Luther--that the immortality of the soul can not be shown by means of Aristotelian natural philosophy but only through principles of faith--gets some support by the position of Alexander of Aphrodisias
, who maintains that in accordance with Aristotelian natural philosophy, the human soul has to be thought of as mortal.
Both Paduan and Ferrarese schools (represented by works such as, respectively, Pietro Pomponazzi's De immortalitate animae and Alberto Lollio's Concio de animae immortalitate) read Aristotle in the light of works by Alexander of Aphrodisias
, thus linking the intellective faculties of the human soul to the continuing presence of sense-data; such a view undermined the immortality of the soul as conceived by Christianity and was associated with heresy.
In explicit contrast with a tendency among interpreters to homogenize these differences into a single "Stoic" position, Bobzien structures her study as an inquiry into the views of two Stoic philosophers: the intellectual giant of early Stoicism, Chrysippus (c.280-206 BCE), who is the primary object of her study, and, in a final chapter, the unnamed Stoic who is the target of criticism in the De Fato of Alexander of Aphrodisias
Todd, Alexander of Aphrodisias
on Stoic Physics: A Study of the De mixtione [Leiden: Brill, 1976]).