Alexander of Hales


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Alexander of Hales,

d. 1245, English scholastic philosopher, called the Unanswerable Doctor by his fellow scholastics. He was a Franciscan and a lecturer at the Univ. of Paris. His Summa universae theologiae was the first systematic exposition of Christian doctrine to introduce Aristotle as a prime authority. His eclectic work also contains elements of Neoplatonism and Augustinian and Arabic ideas. Alexander held that all created things, spiritual as well as corporeal, are made up of matter and form. This teaching became the central feature of Franciscan scholasticism and an important influence on St. Thomas Aquinas.

Hales, Alexander of:

see Alexander of HalesAlexander of Hales,
d. 1245, English scholastic philosopher, called the Unanswerable Doctor by his fellow scholastics. He was a Franciscan and a lecturer at the Univ. of Paris.
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Alexander of Hales, inspired him to join the Franciscan Order.
The previous low was Alexander Of Hales, who was given a rating of 114 after being beaten nine lengths by Soldier Of Fortune in 2007.
This approach differs significantly from the views of his peers that it was freedom from compulsion (William of Auxerre), the ability to do what one wills (Alexander of Hales), or a capacity to retain rectitude of the will (Philip the Chancellor).
He says, citing Alexander of Hales, Aquinas, and Suarez, that recent theologians "say that [the natural law] is the participation of the eternal law in a rational creature, and indeed divine." (117) If Selden is to be believed, divine law and eternal law could be taken synonymously.
The decision to establish communities in Paris (1219) and other university cities meant that a number of established professors like Alexander of Hales became Franciscans.
William of Auxerre and Alexander of Hales both maintain that most moral dilemmas are only apparent, for there is almost always an acceptable way of escaping wrongdoing that has merely been overlooked.
Beginning with Gregory, Dougherty then turns to the twelfth-century canon law scholar Gratian and his glossators, moves on to thirteenth-century thought with William of Auxerre, the tradition associated with Alexander of Hales in the Summa fratris Alexandri, Raymond Lull and Thomas Aquinas, and ends with the early fifteenth-century Thomist Johannes Capreolus.
LYNCH, K., <<The Theory of Alexander of Hales on the Efficacy of the Sacrament of Matrimony>>, Franciscan Studies 11 (1951) 69-130.
Glosses and commentaries by the following thinkers are included: Robert Kilwarby, Thomas Aquinas, Hugh of St.-Cher, Alexander of Hales, Stephen Langton, Roger Roseth, and Peter of Candia.
In the summer Aidan O'Brien's Alexander Of Hales was a sound 50-1 each-way investment when he grabbed second in a Ballydoyle 1-2-3 in the Irish Derby.
But second choice for O'Brien is usually better than first option for others, as Derby fifth Soldier Of Fortune proved with a powerpacked nine-length victory, with Alexander Of Hales short-heading Epsom runner-up Eagle Mountain for the silver medal.
After assuming command just before the quarter-mile point, Soldier Of Fortune rocketed away from stablemates Alexander Of Hales (33-1) and 6-4 favourite Eagle Mountain to score in emphatic style.