Ruwenzori

(redirected from Alexandra, Mount)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Ruwenzori

Ruwenzori (ro͞oˌwənzōˈrē), mountain range, E central Africa, on the Uganda-Congo border, in the western arm of the Great Rift Valley between lakes Albert and Edward. This fault-block range is composed of ancient crystalline rock; Uganda's Kilembe copper mine is located in the range's eastern foothills. The snowcapped summits of the Ruwenzori include Mt. Margherita (16,798 ft/5,120 m) and Mt. Alexandra (16,750 ft/5,105 m). The peaks are invariably shrouded in mist, presenting an eerie aspect, and there are extensive glaciers and glacial lakes. The range may be the fabled “Mountains of the Moon,” erroneously supposed by the ancients to be the source of the Nile.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ruwenzori

 

(formerly Queen Elizabeth National Park), a national part in Uganda; located in the Western Province near Lakes Edward and George. Area, 220,000 hectares. The park was created in 1952 as a preserve for large animals of the tropical rain forest, savannas, and swamps. It is inhabited by elephants, buffalo, hippopotamuses (the number is regulated), several kinds of antelope, greater celandines, lions, leopards (rarely encountered), and chimpanzees. There are also many birds. A scientific center for studying the ecology of tropical fauna is located in the settlement of Mweya.


Ruwenzori

 

a mountain massif in East Africa, on the border of Zaïre and Uganda. The maximum elevation is 5,109 m at Margherita Peak. The Ruwenzoris consist of an arched hollow uplift composed of Precambrian crystalline rocks. On the lower slopes to an elevation of approximately 2,600 m there are piedmont and mountain tropical rain forests, partially replaced by secondary savannas. Along the timberline there are bamboo thickets. Subalpine vegetation, primarily tree heath, is found at elevations of 2,600 to 3,800 m. Above 3,800 m there are alpine meadows of ragwort and lobelia. Permanent snow and glaciers (with an area of about 5 sq km) cover the mountains above 4,600 or 4,800 m. Valley glaciers descend to an elevation of approximately 4,200 m. The Ruwenzoris were discovered in 1876 by H. M. Stanley.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ruwenzori

a mountain range in central Africa, on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re) between Lakes Edward and Albert: generally thought to be Ptolemy's "Mountains of the Moon". Highest peak: Mount Stanley, 5109 m (16 763 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005