Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

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Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

(əlēshäN`drə ərko͞olä`no͝o thĭ kərvä`lyo͝o ĕ ərou`zho͝o), 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

 

Born Mar. 28, 1810, in Lisbon; died Sept. 13, 1877, in Vale de Lobos. Portuguese writer, historian, and political figure.

Herculano held liberal views; he took part in the Miguelist Wars on the side of the enemies of absolutism. His historical works include History of Portugal (vols. 1–4, 1846–53), which covers the period to the end of the 13th century, and History of the Origin and Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal (vols. 1–3, 1854–59).

Herculano created the Portuguese historical novel and short story. In the novels The Fool (1843), Eurico the Priest (1844), and The Cistercian Monk (1848) and in the collection Legends and Stories (1841), Herculano portrayed the social and political life of Portugal and the daily life and customs of the Middle Ages.

WORKS

Opusculos, vols. 1–10. Lisbon, 1873–1908
In Russian translation:
Sanlarenskii al’kaid: Rasskazy. [Foreword by E. Golubeva.] Leningrad, 1974.

REFERENCES

Nemésio, V. A mocidade de Herculano, vols. 1–2. Lisbon, 1934.
Barradas de Carvalho, J. As ideias políticas e socials de A. Herculano. Lisbon, 1949.

E. G. GOLUBEVA

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The Prime Minister and the Minister of Education were also present at the signing of a protocol to rehabilitate the Alexandre Herculano secondary school in Porto.
O objetivo desse artigo nao e elaborar uma biografia detalhada sobre Alexandre Herculano.
1) Universidade Anhanguera (UNIDERP), Unidade Agrarias, Avenida Alexandre Herculano, 1400, 79037280, Campo Grande (MS), Brasil.
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In 1985 (fifty years after his death), Pessoa's remains were moved to the Hieronymites Monastery, in Lisbon, where Vasco da Gama, Luis de Camoes, and Alexandre Herculano are also buried.
Professor do Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Regional, Universidade Anhanguera-Uniderp, Rua Alexandre Herculano, 1400, CEP 79037-280, Campo Grande (MS), Brasil.
Uno de los mas ilustres y definitivos pareceres es el de Alexandre Herculano, quien va a Evora a ver el templo y se muestra decididamente a favor de la demolicion de las paredes, lo que se realiza en 1871, dirigido por Cinatti; tras lo cual todavia algunos, los que suceden a Viana en la Camara Municipal, se referiran con desden a "as obras con que tinham desmantelado o templo de Diana" (Simoes, 1888:139)17.
Tal como em tempos muito proximos de nos, presenciamos com Alexandre Herculano a sua antipatia pela democracia que considerava "a ditadura do povo", fazendo eco do pensamento de Aristoteles que preferia uma democracia aristocratica, possivelmente monarquica, como ainda hoje sao as dos paises nordicos da Europa, em contraste brutal com o totalitarismo de Hitler, Estaline, Mao ou Enver Hoxha na Albania.
La estructura heteronimica es propuesta como caracteristica de la historia literaria portuguesa que va de los historiadores Alexandre Herculano y Oliviera Martins a Pessoa, pasando por Eca de Queiros, quien es (antes que Valery Larbaud, como llego a suponer tardiamente Paz) la fuente mas visible de los heteronimos pessoanos.
During this period, Alexandre Herculano, who fought in the civil war alongside Dom Pedro, and who was one of the major voices in Portugal's intellectual and political life, wrote extensively about the nation from a liberal perspective.
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thinkers such as Alexandre Herculano (1846-53), (7) and to some extent