Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

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Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

(əlēshäN`drə ərko͞olä`no͝o thĭ kərvä`lyo͝o ĕ ərou`zho͝o), 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre


Born Mar. 28, 1810, in Lisbon; died Sept. 13, 1877, in Vale de Lobos. Portuguese writer, historian, and political figure.

Herculano held liberal views; he took part in the Miguelist Wars on the side of the enemies of absolutism. His historical works include History of Portugal (vols. 1–4, 1846–53), which covers the period to the end of the 13th century, and History of the Origin and Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal (vols. 1–3, 1854–59).

Herculano created the Portuguese historical novel and short story. In the novels The Fool (1843), Eurico the Priest (1844), and The Cistercian Monk (1848) and in the collection Legends and Stories (1841), Herculano portrayed the social and political life of Portugal and the daily life and customs of the Middle Ages.


Opusculos, vols. 1–10. Lisbon, 1873–1908
In Russian translation:
Sanlarenskii al’kaid: Rasskazy. [Foreword by E. Golubeva.] Leningrad, 1974.


Nemésio, V. A mocidade de Herculano, vols. 1–2. Lisbon, 1934.
Barradas de Carvalho, J. As ideias políticas e socials de A. Herculano. Lisbon, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
Contact point(s): DMMT DGMT Rua Alexandre Herculano n.
During this period, Alexandre Herculano, who fought in the civil war alongside Dom Pedro, and who was one of the major voices in Portugal's intellectual and political life, wrote extensively about the nation from a liberal perspective.
Rua Alexandre Herculano, # 38, Lisbon, Portugal) and the Euronext Lisbon (Praca Duque de Saldanha, nr.
thinkers such as Alexandre Herculano (1846-53), (7) and to some extent
personalities as Alexandre Herculano, Almeida Garrett, Antero de
7) Alexandre Herculano, Historia de Portugal (Lisbon and Paris:
In this issue of Kids World Magazine, World Class introduces you to students from Escola de Alexandre Herculano in Santarem, Portugal.
You can send an e-mail message from there or you can write to them at Escola EB 2, 3 de Alexandre Herculano Quinta Do Mergulhao 2000 Santarem Portugal
The great historian and liberal cultural icon Alexandre Herculano (1810-77), whom Martins presented as the typical die-hard 'liberal' in Portugal Contemporaneo, could not accept this.
33) See the letters of Herculano to Martins, in Alexandre Herculano, Cartas (Lisbon: Bertrand, [n.
1) Alexandre Herculano, 'Cartas sobre a Historia de Portugal', Opusculos, 5th edn, 10 vols (Lisbon: Livraria Bertrand, [n.