Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

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Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

(əlēshäN`drə ərko͞olä`no͝o thĭ kərvä`lyo͝o ĕ ərou`zho͝o), 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre


Born Mar. 28, 1810, in Lisbon; died Sept. 13, 1877, in Vale de Lobos. Portuguese writer, historian, and political figure.

Herculano held liberal views; he took part in the Miguelist Wars on the side of the enemies of absolutism. His historical works include History of Portugal (vols. 1–4, 1846–53), which covers the period to the end of the 13th century, and History of the Origin and Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal (vols. 1–3, 1854–59).

Herculano created the Portuguese historical novel and short story. In the novels The Fool (1843), Eurico the Priest (1844), and The Cistercian Monk (1848) and in the collection Legends and Stories (1841), Herculano portrayed the social and political life of Portugal and the daily life and customs of the Middle Ages.


Opusculos, vols. 1–10. Lisbon, 1873–1908
In Russian translation:
Sanlarenskii al’kaid: Rasskazy. [Foreword by E. Golubeva.] Leningrad, 1974.


Nemésio, V. A mocidade de Herculano, vols. 1–2. Lisbon, 1934.
Barradas de Carvalho, J. As ideias políticas e socials de A. Herculano. Lisbon, 1949.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Gestor Ambiental, MSc., Doutorando em Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Regional, Universidade Anhanguera--Uniderp, Rua Alexandre Herculano, 1400, Bairro Jardim Veraneio, CEP 79037-280, Campo Grande (MS), Brasil.
Patrick Geary argues that nineteenth-century scholars such as Alexandre Herculano, Jules Michelet, and Felix Dahn served as proto-celebrities, whose writings reflect a time when medieval origin myths were used to bolster European nations.
(1) Universidade Anhanguera (UNIDERP), Unidade Agrarias, Avenida Alexandre Herculano, 1400, 79037280, Campo Grande (MS), Brasil.
Em Portugal, do mesmo modo, os fundadores do Romantismo lusitano, em especial Alexandre Herculano e Almeida Garrett, dedicaram-se ao genero, nao apenas em jornais, especificamente, como em revistas como Panorama (caso de Herculano) ou Revista Lisbonense Universal (caso de Almeida Garrett).
In 1985 (fifty years after his death), Pessoa's remains were moved to the Hieronymites Monastery, in Lisbon, where Vasco da Gama, Luis de Camoes, and Alexandre Herculano are also buried.
In response to his brother's tyranny, Pedro abdicated the Brazilian throne and sailed to the Azores; he rallied support from England and France, formed an army (whose membership included the poet Almeida Garrett and the novelist and historian Alexandre Herculano), and returned to the mainland to reclaim the crown for Maria.