Alexandre Kojeve

Kojeve, Alexandre


(Russian surname: Kozhevnikov). Born 1902, in Moscow; died May 1968, in Paris. French idealist philosopher; representative of neo-Hegelianism.

Kojeve studied in Germany under K. Jaspers. In 1933 he became a professor at the Sorbonne. His lectures during the 1930’s on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind greatly promoted the dissemination of the ideas of G. Hegel in France and the interpretation of these ideas in the spirit of existentialism (particularly Kojeve’s conception of the dialectic as a method belonging exclusively in the sphere of “human existence”). His students included J.-P. Sartre, M. Merleau-Ponty, J. Hippolyte, G. Fessard, and the sociologist R. Aron.


Introduction à la lecture de Hegel. Paris, 1947.
“Tyrannie et sagesse.” In L. Strauss, De la Tyrannie, 3rd ed. Paris, 1954.
Essai d’une histoire raisonnée de la philosophie païenne, vol. 1. Paris, 1968.
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In "Voegelin, Strauss, and Kojeve on Tyranny" (217-39), Barry Cooper describes Voegelin's relationship to the German-American political philosopher Leo Strauss (1899-1973) and the Russian-born French philosopher Alexandre Kojeve (1902-1968).
Such was the case this May when, in a brief article in Liberation, Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben revisited a political memo written in 1945 by Alexandre Kojeve, a speculative thinker as well as a high-ranking civil servant involved in the construction of what would become the European Union.
But Hegel's key link to France remains connected to one name: Alexandre Kojeve (232).
Strauss's interpretation of Hegel owes something to the work of the Russian-born philosopher and French diplomar Alexandre Kojeve.
Amongst prominent European philosophers, Strauss was taken seriously only by Hans-Georg Gadamer, until Gadamer concluded that Strauss was a crank, and by Alexandre Kojeve, whose work reads today as if it were a parody of trendy French Marxism.
These range from Antonio Negri, Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben, Slavoj Zizek, and Alexandre Kojeve on the left to Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Leo Strauss, and Nazi apologist Carl Schmitt on the right, passing through figures less easily classified (e.
On 4 December 1937, in a famous lecture he delivered at the College of Sociology in Paris, Alexandre Kojeve announced the end of history.
To understand Kojevnikov, who changed his nationality from Russian to French and his name from Alexander Kojevnikov to Alexandre Kojeve, one must imagine an agent of influence for the Russian Intelligence Service--the K.
Most of the rest--including Karl Jaspers, Hannah Arendt, Carl Schmitt, Walter Benjamin, Alexandre Kojeve, and Michel Foucault--are wobbly Little Leaguers.
Each chapter selects a figurehead--Heidegger, Carl Schmitt, Walter Benjamin, Alexandre Kojeve, Foucault, Derrida--and recreates two settings.