Alexandre Kojeve

Kojeve, Alexandre

 

(Russian surname: Kozhevnikov). Born 1902, in Moscow; died May 1968, in Paris. French idealist philosopher; representative of neo-Hegelianism.

Kojeve studied in Germany under K. Jaspers. In 1933 he became a professor at the Sorbonne. His lectures during the 1930’s on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind greatly promoted the dissemination of the ideas of G. Hegel in France and the interpretation of these ideas in the spirit of existentialism (particularly Kojeve’s conception of the dialectic as a method belonging exclusively in the sphere of “human existence”). His students included J.-P. Sartre, M. Merleau-Ponty, J. Hippolyte, G. Fessard, and the sociologist R. Aron.

WORKS

Introduction à la lecture de Hegel. Paris, 1947.
“Tyrannie et sagesse.” In L. Strauss, De la Tyrannie, 3rd ed. Paris, 1954.
Essai d’une histoire raisonnée de la philosophie païenne, vol. 1. Paris, 1968.
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Abstract: Departing from the question of 'absence as given' (or the 'non-given' as 'presence' to conscious experience), the work of Russian-French philosopher Alexandre Kojeve opened up Western ontology of being ('of which one speaks' [l'etre dont on parle]) to the foundational premises of 'Oriental wisdom'.
Por el interes que el marxismo despertara en los teoricos y actores de la revolucion rusa y especialmente por la repercusion que alcanzara el curso de Alexandre Kojeve (11) en la EPHE, durante el periodo 1933-39, renace, pues, Hegel nada menos que como "autor de vanguardia".
This great work, which introduced the term "phenomenology" to philosophy, though not quite in its subsequent sense, was the topic of influential lectures delivered by Alexandre Kojeve at the Institut des Hautes Etudes between 1933 and 1939.
In "Voegelin, Strauss, and Kojeve on Tyranny" (217-39), Barry Cooper describes Voegelin's relationship to the German-American political philosopher Leo Strauss (1899-1973) and the Russian-born French philosopher Alexandre Kojeve (1902-1968).
Such was the case this May when, in a brief article in Liberation, Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben revisited a political memo written in 1945 by Alexandre Kojeve, a speculative thinker as well as a high-ranking civil servant involved in the construction of what would become the European Union.
O volume conta ainda com a traducao inedita do ensaio essencial de Bataille sobre Hegel, "Hegel, a morte e o sacrificio", tentativa de extrair da Fenomenologia do espirito de Hegel, lida atraves do comentario de Alexandre Kojeve, uma teoria do sacrificio, isto e, da experiencia impossivel da morte.
But Hegel's key link to France remains connected to one name: Alexandre Kojeve (232).
En la seccion de TEORIA SOCIAL, Alfaro realiza una traduccion sobre una conferencia impartida por el filosofo marxista, Alexandre Kojeve, la cual se denomina Was ist Dialektik?
Amongst prominent European philosophers, Strauss was taken seriously only by Hans-Georg Gadamer, until Gadamer concluded that Strauss was a crank, and by Alexandre Kojeve, whose work reads today as if it were a parody of trendy French Marxism.
These range from Antonio Negri, Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben, Slavoj Zizek, and Alexandre Kojeve on the left to Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Leo Strauss, and Nazi apologist Carl Schmitt on the right, passing through figures less easily classified (e.
Entre 1933 y 1939, Alexandre Kojeve dicto cursos sobre la Fenomenologia del Espiritu de Hegel en la Ecole Practique de Hautes Etudes, a los que asistieron, entre otros, Jacques Lacan, Raymond Aron, Georges Bataille, Jacques y Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Eric Weil, Gaston Fessard, Jean Hyppolite.
Porem e importante ressaltar que, se Arendt preocupou-se com o conceito de autoridade segundo uma perspectiva na qual o conteudo do conceito recebeu atencao privilegiada, tratando das experiencias historicas grega e romana, d'Allonnes ampliou sua reflexao agregando tambem uma abordagem formal do conceito, a qual foi proposta pelo filosofo Alexandre Kojeve.