Alexandre Kojeve

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kojeve, Alexandre


(Russian surname: Kozhevnikov). Born 1902, in Moscow; died May 1968, in Paris. French idealist philosopher; representative of neo-Hegelianism.

Kojeve studied in Germany under K. Jaspers. In 1933 he became a professor at the Sorbonne. His lectures during the 1930’s on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind greatly promoted the dissemination of the ideas of G. Hegel in France and the interpretation of these ideas in the spirit of existentialism (particularly Kojeve’s conception of the dialectic as a method belonging exclusively in the sphere of “human existence”). His students included J.-P. Sartre, M. Merleau-Ponty, J. Hippolyte, G. Fessard, and the sociologist R. Aron.


Introduction à la lecture de Hegel. Paris, 1947.
“Tyrannie et sagesse.” In L. Strauss, De la Tyrannie, 3rd ed. Paris, 1954.
Essai d’une histoire raisonnée de la philosophie païenne, vol. 1. Paris, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As we already knew from the book that made him famous, The End of History and the Last Man (1992), Fukuyama agrees with his teacher Alexandre Kojeve's interpretation of G.W.F.
" - Plato, Timaeus (1) Alexandre Kojeve is a peculiar case in contemporary continental philosophy.
Chapter three frames the familiar Hegelian narrative of master and slave relations as a product of Alexandre Kojeve's influential but inaccurate interpretation.
Nichols J H, 2007 Alexandre Kojeve: Wisdom at the End of History (Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, MD)
In "Voegelin, Strauss, and Kojeve on Tyranny" (217-39), Barry Cooper describes Voegelin's relationship to the German-American political philosopher Leo Strauss (1899-1973) and the Russian-born French philosopher Alexandre Kojeve (1902-1968).
Such was the case this May when, in a brief article in Liberation, Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben revisited a political memo written in 1945 by Alexandre Kojeve, a speculative thinker as well as a high-ranking civil servant involved in the construction of what would become the European Union.
O volume conta ainda com a traducao inedita do ensaio essencial de Bataille sobre Hegel, "Hegel, a morte e o sacrificio", tentativa de extrair da Fenomenologia do espirito de Hegel, lida atraves do comentario de Alexandre Kojeve, uma teoria do sacrificio, isto e, da experiencia impossivel da morte.
But Hegel's key link to France remains connected to one name: Alexandre Kojeve (232).
Amongst prominent European philosophers, Strauss was taken seriously only by Hans-Georg Gadamer, until Gadamer concluded that Strauss was a crank, and by Alexandre Kojeve, whose work reads today as if it were a parody of trendy French Marxism.
These range from Antonio Negri, Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben, Slavoj Zizek, and Alexandre Kojeve on the left to Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Leo Strauss, and Nazi apologist Carl Schmitt on the right, passing through figures less easily classified (e.g., John Gray, Rene Girard) and thinkers whose political ideas display religious overtones, such as Eric Voegelin and the French mystic and philosopher Simone Weil.