Alexandre Sabès Pétion

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Pétion, Alexandre Sabès

 

Born Apr. 2, 1770, in Port-au-Prince; died there Mar. 29, 1818. Haitian statesman and general.

Pétion, a mulatto, served from 1793 with French Army forces fighting the British interventionists who had seized the western part of Haiti. In 1802 he sided with Haitian patriots who fought for independence and in 1803 liberated Port-au-Prince from French troops. Pétion participated in the plot against Dessalines in 1806. From 1807 to 1818 he served as president of the Republic of Haiti.

Pétion represented the interests of the affluent mulattoes, who were landowners, merchants, and moneylenders. He promoted the development of capitalist relations, distributed state lands to peasants, and introduced free and universal education. He assisted Latin-American patriots in the struggle against Spanish rule by helping equip military expeditions.

References in periodicals archive ?
The subsequent alliance between Haitian President Alexandre Petion provides the financing, weapons, and logistical support necessary to carry on his liberation struggle.
Pues el mariscal Alexandre Petion, de Haiti, quien le otorgo hasta una imprenta para sus documentos libertarios
Boyer revised earlier policies for African American emigration initiated by Henry Christophe and Alexandre Petion.
Recordaba Ferrer que buena parte de la ideologia liberal cubana, dominicana y puertorriquena del siglo xix se habia construido en torno a la idea de que cualquier solucion al problema del orden colonial y esclavista en aquellas sugar islands debia evitar el peligro de que se repitiera la revuelta de los jacobinonegros de Saint--Domingue que, entre 1791 y 1804, libero a los esclavos, repartio la propiedad, derroto a los espanoles, los ingleses y los franceses y proclamo la independencia del imperio de Jean--Jacques Dessalines y, luego, de la republica de Alexandre Petion en el sur y del reino de Henri Christophe en el norte de la isla.
A few years later, in a move evidently designed to ensure that all the people who wanted a title could have one, he was made president of the north half of Haiti while one Alexandre Petion took the seals of office as president of the south half of Haiti.
The Voodoo priest Boukman and Generals Toussaint L'Ouverture, Jean Jacques-Dessalines, Alexandre Petion and Henri Christophe are names that every person of African descent, particularly students of history, should know.
Para el haitiano Alexandre Petion o Jose Nunez de Caceres, dominicano de Mexico; para Vicente Guerrero, Simon Bolivar, Jose Marti y otros proceres de esta Babel de agua, el destino no tenia que ser necesariamente mas sufrimiento ni mas separacion.
En 2 ocasiones Bolivar, en apariencia derrotado, tuvo que huir de Venezuela, pero regreso con nuevas tropas y mas provisiones, armas y dinero aportados por comerciantes ingleses (ansiosos de quedarse con el inmenso mercado potencial de Hispanoamerica) y el sanguinario Alexandre Petion, dictador de Haiti, el primer pais americano que se habia independizado de sus amos europeos.