Alexandre Sabès Pétion

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Pétion, Alexandre Sabès

 

Born Apr. 2, 1770, in Port-au-Prince; died there Mar. 29, 1818. Haitian statesman and general.

Pétion, a mulatto, served from 1793 with French Army forces fighting the British interventionists who had seized the western part of Haiti. In 1802 he sided with Haitian patriots who fought for independence and in 1803 liberated Port-au-Prince from French troops. Pétion participated in the plot against Dessalines in 1806. From 1807 to 1818 he served as president of the Republic of Haiti.

Pétion represented the interests of the affluent mulattoes, who were landowners, merchants, and moneylenders. He promoted the development of capitalist relations, distributed state lands to peasants, and introduced free and universal education. He assisted Latin-American patriots in the struggle against Spanish rule by helping equip military expeditions.

References in periodicals archive ?
On this day of January 1st 2019, 215 years after our national independence, I think with emotion and historical depth, to the founding fathers of the nation (Jean Jacques Dessalines, Alexandre Petion, Franois Capois, Boisrond Tonnerre and J'en passe) .
Since 1986 with the topple of the Haitian dictator, Jean-Claude "Baby-Doc" Duvalier (1951-2014), whose family ruled Haiti for almost thirty-years, the rallying cry of Haitian protest movements against dictatorship and American neoliberal policies on the island has been, "the children of Dessalines are fighting or stand against the children of Petion." The politically charged moniker is an allusion to the continuous struggles over control of the Haitian nation-state and its ideological apparatuses between the Africans who are deemed the descendants of Jean-Jacques Dessalines, the father of the Haitian nation-state; and the mulatto elites (and more recently the Syrian class) who are deemed heirs of the mulatto first President of the Haitian Republic, Alexandre Petion.
The subsequent alliance between Haitian President Alexandre Petion provides the financing, weapons, and logistical support necessary to carry on his liberation struggle.
!Pues el mariscal Alexandre Petion, de Haiti, quien le otorgo hasta una imprenta para sus documentos libertarios!
Boyer revised earlier policies for African American emigration initiated by Henry Christophe and Alexandre Petion. In one year Boyer spent some US$300,000 to finance African American migration, providing food, supplies, and housing for migrants to cultivate land in Haiti.
Recordaba Ferrer que buena parte de la ideologia liberal cubana, dominicana y puertorriquena del siglo xix se habia construido en torno a la idea de que cualquier solucion al problema del orden colonial y esclavista en aquellas sugar islands debia evitar el peligro de que se repitiera la revuelta de los jacobinonegros de Saint--Domingue que, entre 1791 y 1804, libero a los esclavos, repartio la propiedad, derroto a los espanoles, los ingleses y los franceses y proclamo la independencia del imperio de Jean--Jacques Dessalines y, luego, de la republica de Alexandre Petion en el sur y del reino de Henri Christophe en el norte de la isla.
Miranda tomo esta decision pragmaticamente, debido a que los referidos capitanes tenian contactos comerciales y politicos con Alexandre Petion, quien se habia comprometido a ayudarlos.
El historiador venezolano Alejandro Cardozo, quien realizo su doctorado en el Pais Vasco, tierra ancestral de la estirpe Bolivar, destaca en su articulo "El adeudo abolicionista de Bolivar con Petion", la relacion existente entre Simon Bolivar y el Presidente de la Republica de Haiti, Alexandre Petion, que fue determinante para lograr la independencia hispanoamericana.
A few years later, in a move evidently designed to ensure that all the people who wanted a title could have one, he was made president of the north half of Haiti while one Alexandre Petion took the seals of office as president of the south half of Haiti.
The Voodoo priest Boukman and Generals Toussaint L'Ouverture, Jean Jacques-Dessalines, Alexandre Petion and Henri Christophe are names that every person of African descent, particularly students of history, should know.
Para el haitiano Alexandre Petion o Jose Nunez de Caceres, dominicano de Mexico; para Vicente Guerrero, Simon Bolivar, Jose Marti y otros proceres de esta Babel de agua, el destino no tenia que ser necesariamente mas sufrimiento ni mas separacion.
En 2 ocasiones Bolivar, en apariencia derrotado, tuvo que huir de Venezuela, pero regreso con nuevas tropas y mas provisiones, armas y dinero aportados por comerciantes ingleses (ansiosos de quedarse con el inmenso mercado potencial de Hispanoamerica) y el sanguinario Alexandre Petion, dictador de Haiti, el primer pais americano que se habia independizado de sus amos europeos.