Alexandretta


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Related to Alexandretta: Petra

Alexandretta,

Turkey: see IskenderunIskenderun
, formerly Alexandretta
, city (1990 pop. 156,198), S Turkey, on the Gulf of Alexandretta, an inlet of the Mediterranean Sea. The principal Turkish port on the Mediterranean, it has a large steel plant and is the terminus for an oil pipeline.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tauris, 2006); Keith David Watenpaugh, "'Creating Phantoms': Zaki Al-Arsuzi, the Alexandretta Crisis, and the Formation of Modern Arab Nationalism in Syria," International Journal of Middle East Studies 28 (1996): 363-89.
Erdogan's determination to expand republic's revisionist policies leaves Iraqi and Syrian territories vulnerable to following the same path as Alexandretta province in the 1930s.
The French ousted Emir Faisal (later king of Iraq) from Damascus, ruthlessly suppressed a series of revolts, recruited Alawite officers in their colonial army, established Lebanon as a separate state and even gifted Syrian Alexandretta (Iskrandrun) to Ataturk's Turkish Republic.
Turkey engineered the annexation of Alexandretta Province, which was part of the French- mandate of Syria, in 1939 (now the Turkish province of Hatay).
Syrian irredentist claims over Alexandretta (Hatay), disputes over sharing the waters of the Euphrates River, Syrian support of the PKK from 1980 to 1998, Turkey's recognition of Israel and later forming a strategic partnership with the number one enemy of the Arab states, and the two countries' siding with opposite camps during the Cold War were among the major reasons that prevented good neighborly relations between the two countries.
For decades, Syria did not recognize the Turkish-Syrian political border where the Orontes crosses it, claiming territorial rights to the Turkish province of Hatay (historically, Alexandretta).
The administrative capital is Antakya (Antioch), and the other major city in the province is the port city of Iskenderun (Alexandretta).
Syrian irredentist claims over Alexandretta (Hatay), disputes over sharing the waters of the Euphrates River, Syrian support to the PKK from 1980 to 1998, Turkey's recognition of Israel and later forming a strategic partnership with the number one enemy of the Arab states, and the two countries' siding with opposite camps during the Cold War were among the major reasons that prevented good neighborly relations between the two countries.
In the same vein the Syrian regime reacted to Turkey's hardening position by announcing three days ago that it will reinstate the province of Alexandretta on official school maps, showing it as part of Syria rather than Turkey, Hamadeh related.
Tens, hundreds or thousands of people have fled the Syrian city of Jisr Al-Shughur to Hatay (the Turkish name for the Province of Alexandretta, which until the recent past had been considered to have been usurped).
The two countries were foes for decades since France awarded the province of Alexandretta to Turkey when Syria was under French colonial occupation in the 1930s.

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