Alexander Column

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Alexander Column

 

an architectural memorial in Leningrad; the compositional center of Palace Square.

The monumental Alexander Column, done in the Empire style, was erected from 1830 to 1834 according to the plans of the architect A. A. Montferrand. It commemorated the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. The monolithic pillar (weighing approximately 500 tons) is dark-red granite and crowned with the bronze figure of an angel by the sculptor B. I. Orlovskii. The pedestal is carved with bronze allegorical reliefs by the sculptors P. V. Sint-sov and I. Leppe, based on sketches by J. B. Scotti. The column’s total height is 47.5 meters.

REFERENCE

Rotach, A. L. Aleksandrovskaia kolonna. Leningrad, 1966.
References in classic literature ?
The original and more potent causes, however, lay in the rare perfection of his animal nature, the moderate proportion of intellect, and the very trifling admixture of moral and spiritual ingredients; these latter qualities, indeed, being in barely enough measure to keep the old gentleman from walking on all-fours.
Ham, who had been giving me my first lesson in all-fours, was trying to recollect a scheme of telling fortunes with the dirty cards, and was printing off fishy impressions of his thumb on all the cards he turned.
That bright living thing must be caught; and in an instant the child had slipped on all-fours, and held out one little hand to catch the gleam.
Then I saw it was a man, going on all-fours like a beast.
Why should a man go on all-fours and drink with his lips?
Then one slipped, and for a moment was on all-fours,--to recover, indeed, forthwith.
I cannot even say whether it ran on all-fours, or only with its forearms held very low.