Alexandru Averescu


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Averescu, Alexandru

 

Born Apr. 9, 1859; died Oct. 3, 1938. Rumanian military and political figure; became marshal in 1934.

Averescu served as minister of war during 1907–09. In 1907 he inflicted bloody reprisals against the insurgent peasants. From 1911 he was chief of the General Staff, and during World War I he commanded the field army. He became minister of internal affairs in 1919 and served as prime minister during 1920–21. Averescu’s government dealt cruelly with the participants of the general strike of October 1920, adopting a series of laws directed against the workers’ and peasants’ movement. In 1920, Averescu transformed the People’s League, which he had founded in 1918, to the People’s Party, whose program was close to that of the Liberal Party. Averescu was prime minister during 1926–27 and advocated an alliance with Germany and Fascist Italy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uno dei patrioti romeni che desiderava un avvicinamento all'Italia era Alexandru Averescu. Questo vedeva in Italia un ottimo partner per realizzare i nuovi confini ma non voleva nemmeno allontanarsi o mettere in pericolo le relazioni solide con la Francia e la Piccola Intesa.
In this context, general Alexandru Averescu also attempted an agreement with the Bolsheviks, a decision which might have been fatal for his career, equating with a betrayal.
Practically, General Alexandru Averescu would have promised the evacuation of Bessarabia, in two months (excepting 10 000 Romanian soldiers that would assure the guard of the Romanian storehouses and the security of railway transport), a fact that that was presented by I.G.Duca in his Memoires.
General Alexandru Averescu had justified the signing of the document with the intention to avoid the conflict with the Central Powers, and Soviet Russia too, and "the Romanian occupation from Bessarabia" was taking it into consideration, from the tactical and military point of view, while the Soviets were regarding it as a political acceptation.
Ionel Bratianu would use Constantin Argetoianu, who was thought to have advised Alexandru Averescu to sign the act, in order to determine Averescu to join politics.